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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

MOLECULAR AND MORPHOLOGICAL RESURRECTION OF CLIBANARIUS SYMMETRICUS (RANDALL, 1840), A CRYPTIC SPECIES HIDING UNDER THE NAME FOR THE ``THINSTRIPE{''} HERMIT CRAB C. VITTATUS (BOSC, 1802) (DECAPODA: ANOMURA: DIOGENIDAE)

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Author(s):
Negri, Mariana [1] ; Lemaitre, Rafael [2] ; Mantelatto, Fernando L. [1]
Total Authors: 3
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Philosophy Sci & Letters Ribeirao Preto FFCLR, Dept Biol, Postgrad Program Comparat Biol, Lab Bioecol & Crus, BR-14040901 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[2] Smithsonian Inst, Natl Museum Nat Hist, Dept Invertebrate Zool, Suitland, MD 20746 - USA
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: Journal of Crustacean Biology; v. 34, n. 6, p. 848-861, NOV 2014.
Web of Science Citations: 15
Abstract

Analysis of the barcode region of the COI gene has unmasked a cryptic hermit crab species confounded under the name Clibanarius vittatus (Bosc, 1802), long applied to a common littoral, striped-colored species presumed to range broadly in the western Atlantic from the southeastern United States and Gulf of Mexico to Brazil. Molecular and morphological (color) data from recently collected specimens distinctly show that Bosc' name should be restricted to populations in the southeastern coast of the United States and Gulf of Mexico, although the extent of its southern distribution remains uncertain. The two species have a genetic divergence ranging from 5.18 to 7.29% for the molecular marker analyzed. Based on a comparative study of syntypes of three taxa previously considered synonyms of C. vittatus, and examination of museum specimens, together with recent field observations, we conclude that the confounded species should be assigned the name C. symmetricus (Randall, 1840). A lectotype is selected for this resurrected name, with Suriname as type locality. The distribution of C. symmetricus has been found to include with certainty the western and southern Caribbean, and coast of Venezuela to Brazil, although it is possible that it may occur more broadly in the Caribbean, the Antilles, or southern Gulf of Mexico. Morphologically, the two species differ only in color pattern of the lateral surface of carpi of the second and third pereiopods. A redescription of C. symmetricus is presented, including illustrations, photographs, and discussion of taxonomy, coloration, and distribution. A phylogram is included showing relationships with selected species of Clibanarius. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 09/54931-0 - Improvement and management of biological specimen collections at the Departamento de Biologia, Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de São Paulo
Grantee:Carlos Alberto Garofalo
Support type: Research Infrastructure Program - Biological specimen collections
FAPESP's process: 10/50188-8 - Decapod crustaceans: multi-disciplinary characterization of the sea biodiversity of the State of São Paulo (taxonomy, spermiotaxonomy, molecular biology and population dynamics)
Grantee:Fernando Luis Medina Mantelatto
Support type: BIOTA-FAPESP Program - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 12/06300-3 - Divesity and genetic structure of the allien swimming crab Charybdis hellerii (A. Milne-Edwards, 1876) as a tool to infer on its introduction in the American coast
Grantee:Mariana Negri Pereira
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate (Direct)