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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Influence of cellulose nanofibrils on soft and hard segments of polyurethane/cellulose nanocomposites and effect of humidity on their mechanical properties

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Author(s):
Sanches, Alex Otavio [1] ; Siliano Ricco, Luciano Henrique [1] ; Malmonge, Luiz Francisco [1] ; da Silva, Michael Jones [2] ; Sakamoto, Walter Katsumi [1] ; Malmonge, Jose Antonio [1]
Total Authors: 6
Affiliation:
[1] UNESP Univ Estadual Paulista, Fac Engn, Dept Fis & Quim, Ilha Solteira, SP - Brazil
[2] UNESP Univ Estadual Paulista, Rosana, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: Polymer Testing; v. 40, p. 99-105, DEC 2014.
Web of Science Citations: 16
Abstract

Cellulose nanofibrils (CNFs) were prepared by sulfuric acid hydrolysis from cotton microfibers, and used to prepare polyurethane (PU) nanocomposites by mixing CNFs and PU water suspensions. CNFs as nanofillers improved the tensile strength of PU significantly up to 10 wt% content. With an increase in the CNF content, the glass transition temperature of PU and the temperature onset of the soft segment increased compared with those of neat PU. However, the crystalline phase present in soft domains and its melting temperature decreased. The influences of humidity on the mechanical properties of PU/CNF nanacomposites were also investigated. The tensile strength at different elongations of PU/CNF nanocomposites decreased substantially after being exposed to 60% relative humidity for 24 h; for 10 wt% loading, the tensile strength at 500% dropped from 10.64 to 2.34 MPa. This behavior was attributed to the formation of hydrogen bonds of PU and CNFs with water. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/23637-1 - Preparation and characterization of polyurethane/PZT composites filled with micro-nanofibers of cellulose
Grantee:Luciano Henrique Siliano Ricco
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation