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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Relation between carbon isotopes of plants and soils on Marajo Island, a large tropical island: Implications for interpretation of modern and past vegetation dynamics in the Amazon region

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Author(s):
Francisquini, M. I. [1] ; Lima, C. M. [1] ; Pessenda, L. C. R. [1] ; Rossetti, D. F. [2] ; Franca, M. C. [3] ; Cohen, M. C. L. [4]
Total Authors: 6
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Lab 14C, BR-13416000 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[2] Inst Nacl Pesquisas Espaciais, BR-12245970 Sao Jose Dos Campos, SP - Brazil
[3] Fed Inst Para, BR-66090000 Belem, Para - Brazil
[4] Fed Inst Para, BR-66077530 Belem, Para - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: PALAEOGEOGRAPHY PALAEOCLIMATOLOGY PALAEOECOLOGY; v. 415, n. SI, p. 91-104, DEC 1 2014.
Web of Science Citations: 5
Abstract

We assess the relation between the contrasting vegetation types of rainforest, open savanna and wooded savanna coexisting in close contact on Marajo Island at the mouth of the Amazon River. Floristic and carbon isotopic characterizations of modern plants were combined with organic matter carbon isotope and grain size records of soil to characterize vegetation evolution at six locations on southeastern and northeastern Marajo Island and its relations to climate changes since the late Pleistocene. C-3 plants contribute 100% of the biomass in the rainforest on post-Barreiras sediments (site 1). No significant vegetation changes are evident in these places since at least similar to 7860 cal yr B.P. Rainforests on paleochannels (sites 4 and 6) are protected from flooding by slightly elevated sandy levee and have flora very similar to site 1. These forests were formed since the early-mid Holocene after channel abandonment C3 grasses are predominant in open savanna areas (sites 4,5 and 6), with less representation in wooded savannas (sites 2 and 3). However, C-4 grasses, despite having fewer species, constitute significant biomass in the wooded (similar to 60%) and open savanna vegetation areas, especially during the dry season. The reconstructions of past vegetation together with the distributions of modern vegetation allow prediction that climate changes to drier conditions can significantly influence the future Marajo Island landscape, likely enabling expansion of C-4 plants in the flooding zone and of trees in the rainforests. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 07/03615-5 - Reconstruction of vegetation and climate since the middle Holocene in Brazil
Grantee:Luiz Carlos Ruiz Pessenda
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 06/52173-2 - Vegetation dynamic and climatic inferences in the Late Quaternary in the region of the Ilha de Marajó, PA, using carbon isotopes (12C, 13C, 14C) of organic matter from the soils and sediments
Grantee:Claudia Moré de Lima
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master