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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

The role of altitudinal variation of scale height in determining the topside electron density profile over equatorial and low latitude sectors

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Venkatesh, K. [1] ; Rao, P. V. S. Rama [2] ; Fagundes, Paulo R. [1]
Total Authors: 3
[1] Univ Vale Do Paraiba, IP&D, BR-2911 Sao Jose Dos Campos, SP - Brazil
[2] Andhra Univ, Dept Phys, Space Phys Lab, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh - India
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Web of Science Citations: 1

Studies on the topside electron density profile variations have gained significant importance in the recent past in view of the trans-ionospheric communication and navigation applications particularly over the equatorial and low latitude sectors. The determination of scale height to be used in analytical functions has become more important in estimating the vertical electron density profile in the topside ionosphere. The incoherent scatter radar data over an equatorial station Jicamarca and a low latitude station Arecibo during the high solar activity years 2001 and 2002 are used to estimate the altitudinal dependence of topside ionospheric scale height These scale height values at different altitudes are used to reconstruct the topside electron density profiles to study the changes in the shape of the topside profile due to the varying scale height values. It has been observed that a closer estimates of the electron density profiles in the topside ionosphere can be derived by using scale height values around 550 kin over Jicamarca and around 500 km over Arecibo. The IRI-2012 modeled electron density profiles have been derived by giving F-layer peak density and height as inputs and those modeled profiles are compared with ISR measured and reconstructed profiles. Further, the scale height values in the topside ionosphere are computed using the IRI-2012 modeled electron and ion temperatures around 550 km altitudes over Jicamarca and around 500 km altitude over Arecibo. The scale height values thus derived have been used to reconstruct the topside electron density profiles over Jicamarca and Arecibo, the results of which have also been discussed in this paper. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/08445-9 - Study of day-to-day variability of the mesosphere, thermosphere and ionosphere at low latitude and equatorial region, during the solar cycle 24
Grantee:Paulo Roberto Fagundes
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants