Damasceno, Roselia S.
Takakura, Ana C.
Moreira, Thiago S.
Total Authors: 3
 Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Physiol & Biophys, Inst Biomed Sci, BR-05508000 Sao Paulo - Brazil
 Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Pharmacol, Inst Biomed Sci, BR-05508000 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
PFLUGERS ARCHIV-EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY;
Web of Science Citations:
Chemoreceptor activation increases phrenic nerve activity (PNA) and sympathetic nerve activity (SNA). The dorsolateral pontine neurons, including the parabrachial nucleus and the Kolliker-Fuse (KF) region project to several brainstem areas involved in autonomic and respiratory regulation. Here the objective was to further test the hypothesis that the KF region could contribute to central and peripheral sympathetic chemoreflex activation. In urethane-anesthetized sino-aortic denervated or intact and vagotomized male Wistar rats (N = 7-8/group), hypercapnia (end-expiratory CO2 from 5 to 10 %) or KCN increased mean arterial pressure (MAP), splanchnic SNA, and PNA frequency and amplitude. Bilateral injection of muscimol (GABA-A agonist; 2 mM-50 nl) into the KF region increased resting PNA amplitude and reduced resting PNA frequency, without significant changes in resting MAP and SNA. Bilateral blockade of the KF region reduced the rise in MAP, sSNA, and PNA frequency and amplitude produced by hypercapnia or hypoxia. Our data suggest that the KF neurons could integrate and modulate breathing and sympathetic outflow during chemoreceptor activation. (AU)