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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Effects of andiroba (Carapa guianensis) oil in ticks: Ultrastructural analysis of the synganglion of Rhipicephalus sanguineus (Latreille, 1806) (Acari: Ixodidae)

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Roma, Gislaine Cristina [1] ; Camargo-Mathias, Maria Izabel [1] ; Nunes, Pablo Henrique [1] ; Remedio, Rafael Neodini [1] ; de Faria, Adriano Uemura [1] ; Bechara, Gervasio Henrique [1]
Total Authors: 6
[1] UNESP Univ Estadual Paulista, Inst Biociencias, Dept Biol, BR-13506900 Rio Claro, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Journal article
Source: Acta Tropica; v. 141, n. A, p. 7-15, JAN 2015.
Web of Science Citations: 2

The present study performed an analysis of the ultrastructural changes induced by andiroba seed oil in the synganglion of Rhipicephalus sanguineus female ticks, aiming to provide scientific grounds to help in the creation of more specific and efficient methods of control. The synganglion consists of a mass of fused nerves externally covered by the neural lamella, a uniform and acellular layer. Just below, the perineurium is found, formed by glial cells. Internally, the synganglion is subdivided into an outer cortical region (cortex), which contains the cellular bodies of the neural cells and an inner region, the neuropile, formed by a set of nerve fibers (extensions of the neural cells). The results showed that the synganglion of females exposed to andiroba oil showed structural changes, such as: irregular and apparently thinner neural lamella, perineurium glial cells presenting large cytoplasmic vacuoles, decrease in the extensions of glial cells, separation of cortex cells, which were formerly attached through their membranes, neural cells presenting irregular plasma membranes and cytoplasm with autophagic vacuoles and mitochondria with disorganized cristae and in process of degeneration. This study confirmed the neurotoxic action of the andiroba oil, which would probably be able to impair the neural functions. Thus, it is suggested that this product has the potential to be used as an alternative method to control ticks. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/06865-8 - Morphophysiology comparative study of the nervous system of larvae, nymphs and adults of Rhipicephalus sanguineus (Latreille, 1806) (Acari: Ixodidae) and cell evaluation of synganglia from semi-engorged females exposed to permethrin and to andiroba oil
Grantee:Gislaine Cristina Roma
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Young Researchers