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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Treatment of Circumferential Defects with Osseoconductive Xenografts of Different Porosities: A Histological, Histometric, Resonance Frequency Analysis, and Micro-CT Study in Dogs

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Author(s):
Antunes, Antonio Azoubel [1] ; Grossi-Oliveira, Gustavo Augusto [1] ; Martins-Neto, Evandro Carneiro [1] ; Goncalves De Almeida, Adriana Luisa [1] ; Salata, Luiz Antonio [1]
Total Authors: 5
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, BR-14040904 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Journal article
Source: CLINICAL IMPLANT DENTISTRY AND RELATED RESEARCH; v. 17, n. 1, p. E202-E220, JAN 2015.
Web of Science Citations: 1
Abstract

BackgroundFinding the most effective method of minimizing the gap effect in alveolar crest remodeling constitutes a clinical challenge for immediate implant technique. PurposeTo evaluate the effectiveness of osseoconductive xenografts with different porosities in the crestal bone region, with and without guided bone regeneration, over immediate implant installation. Materials and MethodsFive bone defects (6mm in diameter/4mm depth) were prepared on one side of the mandibles of twelve dogs. Implants of 3.3x10mm were installed on the mesial side of each defect, providing a 2.7-mm distal gap. Defects were randomly filled with autogenous bone, coagulum, a deproteinized bovine bone mineral (DBBM) block, a DBBM sponge, or DBBM granules. The same procedures were performed on the opposite side after 8 weeks. Collagen membranes were used to cover the defects on half of the sides. The animals were sacrificed after 8 weeks. The outcomes were evaluated by histology, histomorphometric analysis, resonance frequency analysis, and micro-CT analysis. ResultsThe histomorphometry showed the DBBM sponge to provide similar bone formation to autogenous bone at 8 weeks without a membrane. The coagulum rendered better bone formation at 16 weeks (membrane) (p<.05). The DBBM block exhibited the poorest results between treatments (8 and 16 weeks, with or without membrane). Micro-CT analysis revealed increasing bone surface values in sites with DBBM granules, followed by the DBBM sponge (8 weeks without membrane) and autogenous bone at 8 weeks with membrane (p<.05). Porosity analysis of the biomaterials showed the highest number, volume, and surface area of closed pores in DBBM granules. The DBBM block presented the highest volume of open pores, open porosity, and total porosity. ConclusionsThe high-porosity block (DBBM block) failed to provide greater bone repair within the defect. Biomaterials with lower porosity (DBBM sponge and granules) showed similar or higher bone formation when compared with autogenous bone. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/08911-7 - Porous osteoconductive material use with and without the GBR technique for healing of cervical bone defects right with implants instalation: a histological, histometric, RFA and micro-tomographic study in dogs
Grantee:Luiz Antonio Salata
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 11/09015-5 - Porous osteoconductive material use with and without the GBR technique for healing of cervical bone defects right with implants instalation: a histological, histometric, RFA and micro-tomographic study in dogs
Grantee:Antonio Azoubel Antunes
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate (Direct)