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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Femoral hip stem prosthesis made of graded elastic modulus metastable beta Ti Alloy

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Lopes, Eder S. N. [1] ; Contieri, Rodrigo J. [2] ; Button, Sergio T. [1] ; Caram, Rubens [1]
Total Authors: 4
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, Sch Mech Engn, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Campinas, Sch Appl Sci, Campinas, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: MATERIALS & DESIGN; v. 69, p. 30-36, MAR 15 2015.
Web of Science Citations: 11

Ti alloys are frequently used in the manufacture of femoral stems for total hip arthroplasty. Although low elastic modulus stems minimize bone stress shielding, they also may produce micromotions at the bone/implant interface, leading to excessive interfacial mechanical stress at the proximal region. This phenomenon may lead to the growth of fibrous tissues and, eventually, implant failure. To address both restrictions simultaneously, stems with adjustable rigidity may be used. Considering that the rigidity of beta Ti alloys can be controlled by heat treatments, this paper introduces a new concept for a femoral stem with a graded elastic modulus using metastable beta Ti alloy. The combination of solution heat treatment, waterquenching, and aging heat treatments allows the mechanical behavior of the metastable beta Ti alloys to be tailored and, in particular, be used to construct a graded elastic modulus femoral hip stem. The results obtained revealed that it is feasible to design biomedical implants from metastable beta Ti alloys with hybrid mechanical behavior. The specific mechanical behavior is obtained by focusing only on heat treatments. A stem with an elastic modulus varying from 65 GPa to 110 GPa was obtained. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/23942-6 - Precipitation of alfa and omega phases and recrystallization phenomena in plastically cold deformed Ti-Nb-Sn alloys
Grantee:Rubens Caram Junior
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants