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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Systematics and Evolution of Syncephaly in American Vernonieae (Asteraceae) with Emphasis on the Brazilian Subtribe Lychnophorinae

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Author(s):
Loeuille, Benoit [1] ; Keeley, Sterling C. [2] ; Pirani, Jose R. [1]
Total Authors: 3
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Bot, Inst Biociencias, BR-05508090 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Hawaii Manoa, Dept Bot, Honolulu, HI 96822 - USA
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: SYSTEMATIC BOTANY; v. 40, n. 1, p. 286-298, FEB 2015.
Web of Science Citations: 19
Abstract

A phylogenetic hypothesis of American Vernonieae based on three molecular regions (ITS, ndhF, rpl32-trnL) and on a morphological dataset reveals the existence of four main lineages. Three of these lineages correspond, with a few adjustments, to subtribes Chrestinae, Lychnophorinae, and Vernoniinae. The fourth lineage, which has never been recognized at a taxonomic rank due to the lack of morphological characterization, is mainly composed of taxa usually included in Lepidaploinae and Elephantopinae as well as a number of genera traditionally placed in other subtribes (Chrestinae, Piptocarphinae, and Vernoniinae). The relationships between these lineages are still not satisfactorily resolved. In order to keep the Lychnophorinae monophyletic, two small subtribes (Centratherinae, Sipolisiinae) and three monotypic genera (Albertinia, Blanchetia, and Gorceixia) have to be transferred to Lychnophorinae, which has the presence of heliangolide in aerial parts as a synapomorphy. Even though syncephaly has been historically used to delimit the subtribe Lychnophorinae, our results show that this character probably appeared independently three or four times in the evolution of American Vernonieae. The formation of the syncephalium, in each case, seems to be related to different biological functions: attractive (Chrestinae), disseminative (Rolandrinae), or protective and, to a lesser extent, attractive (Lychnophorinae). (AU)