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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Streptozotocin-induced diabetes disrupts the body temperature daily rhythm in rats

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Author(s):
Ramos-Lobo, Angela M. [1] ; Buonfiglio, Daniella C. [1] ; Cipolla-Neto, Jose [1]
Total Authors: 3
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biomed Sci, Dept Physiol & Biophys, BR-05508000 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Journal article
Source: DIABETOLOGY & METABOLIC SYNDROME; v. 7, APR 29 2015.
Web of Science Citations: 5
Abstract

Background: In mammals, the temperature rhythm is regulated by the circadian pacemaker located in the suprachiasmatic nuclei, and is considered a ``marker rhythm{''}. Melatonin, the pineal gland hormone, is a major regulator of the endogenous rhythms including body temperature. Its production is influenced by many factors, such as type 1 diabetes mellitus. In rats, diabetes leads to hypothermia and reduced melatonin synthesis; insulin treatment reestablishes both. Aim: To study the body temperature daily rhythm of diabetic animals and the effects of insulin and/or melatonin treatment on its structure. Methods: We studied the effects of streptozotocin-induced diabetes (60 mg/kg) on the body temperature rhythm of Wistar rats and the possible modifications resulting from early and late treatments with insulin (6U/day) and/or melatonin (daily 0.5 mg/kg). We monitored the daily body temperature rhythm, its rhythmic parameters (MESOR, amplitude and acrophase), glycemia and body weight for 55 days. Data were classified by groups and expressed as mean +/- SEM. One-way ANOVA analysis was performed followed by Bonferroni posttest. Statistical significance was set at p < 0.05. Results: Diabetes led to complete disruption of the temperature rhythm and hypothermia, which were accentuated over time. All early treatments (insulin or/and melatonin) prevented the temperature rhythm disruption and hypothermia. Insulin plus melatonin restored the body temperature rhythm whereas insulin alone resulted less efficient; melatonin alone did not restore any of the parameters studied; however, when supplemented close to diabetes onset, it maintained the temperature rhythmicity. All these corrective effects of the early treatments were dependent on the continuous maintenance of the treatment. Conclusions: Taken together, our findings show the disruption of the body temperature daily rhythm, a new consequence of insulin-dependent diabetes, as well as the beneficial effect of the complementary action of melatonin and insulin restoring the normal rhythmicity. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 09/52920-0 - Melatonin and the control of energy metabolism: central and peripheral actions and the circadian timing of the metabolic function
Grantee:José Cipolla Neto
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants