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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

ARHGAP21 prevents abnormal insulin release through actin rearrangement in pancreatic islets from neonatal mice

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Author(s):
Ferreira, Sandra Mara [1] ; Santos, Gustavo Jorge [1] ; Rezende, Luiz F. [1] ; Goncalves, Luciana Mateus [1] ; Santos-Silva, Junia Carolina [1] ; Bigarella, Carolina Louzao [2] ; Carneiro, Everardo Magalhaes [1] ; Ollala Saad, Sara Teresinha [2] ; Boschero, Antonio Carlos [1] ; Barbosa-Sampaio, Helena Cristina [1]
Total Authors: 10
Affiliation:
[1] State Univ Campinas UNICAMP, Inst Biol, Dept Struct & Funct Biol, BR-13083865 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] State Univ Campinas UNICAMP, INCT Sangue, Hematol & Hemotherapy Ctr Hemoctr, Sch Med Sci, Dept Internal Med, BR-13083865 Campinas, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: Life Sciences; v. 127, p. 53-58, APR 15 2015.
Web of Science Citations: 3
Abstract

Aims: ARHGAP21 is a Rho GTPase-activating protein (RhoGAP) that associates with many proteins and modulates several cellular functions, including actin cytoskeleton rearrangement in different tissues. However, it is unknown whether ARHGAP21 is expressed in pancreatic beta cells and its function in these cells. Herein, we assess the participation of ARHGAP21 in insulin secretion. Main methods: Neonatal mice were treated with anti-sense oligonucleotide against ARHGAP21 (AS) for 2 days, resulting in a reduction of the protein's expression of about 60% in the islets. F-actin depolimerization, insulin secretion, mRNA level of genes involved in insulin secretion, maturation and proliferation were evaluated in islets from both control and AS-treated mice. Key findings: ARHGAP21 co-localized with actin in MIN6 beta cells and with insulin in neonatal pancreatic islets. F-actin was reduced in AS-islets, as judged by lower phalloidin intensity. Insulin secretion was increased in islets from AS-treated mice, however no differences were observed in the GSIS (glucose-stimulated insulin secretion). In these islets, the pERK1/2 was increased, as well as the gene expressions of VAMP2 and SNAP25, proteins that are present in the secretory machinery. Maturation and cell proliferation were not affected in islets from AS-treated mice. Significance: In conclusion, our data show, for the first time, that ARHGAP21 is expressed and participates in the secretory process of pancreatic beta cells. Its effect is probably via pERK1/2, which modulates the rearrangement of the cytoskeleton. ARHGAP21 also controls the expression of genes that encodes proteins of the secretory machinery. (C) 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 08/57952-5 - National Institute of Obesity and Diabetes
Grantee:Mario Jose Abdalla Saad
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 11/12050-7 - ARHGAP21 INHIBTS INSULIN SECRETION AND CONTROLS GLUCOSE HOMEOSTASE IN MICE
Grantee:Sandra Mara Ferreira
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate