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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Chronic Spinal and Oral Morphine-Induced Neuroendocrine and Metabolic Changes in Noncancer Pain Patients

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Valverde-Filho, Joao [1, 2] ; Carneiro da Cunha Neto, Malebranche Berardo [1, 2] ; Fonoff, Erich Talamoni [1, 2] ; Meirelles, Eduardo de Souza [3] ; Teixeira, Manoel Jacobsen [1, 2]
Total Authors: 5
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Med, Dept Neurol, Pain Ctr, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Med, Div Funct Neurosurg, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Med, Dept Radiol, Inst Orthoped & Traumatol, Hosp Clin, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: PAIN MEDICINE; v. 16, n. 4, p. 715-725, APR 2015.
Web of Science Citations: 5

ObjectiveInteractions between opioid use and hormonal function are documented in the literature. However, it is unclear if therapeutic intrathecal opioid therapy can induce hormonal changes, compared to oral opioid therapy. MethodsThe authors studied hormone and metabolic changes in 22 women (18-60 years) and 38 men (18-45 years) who were referred to a pain center. The patients were allocated to different treatment groups (based on assistant physicians' decision), as follows: 20 patients received oral morphine (60-120 mg/day); 20 patients, spinal morphine (0.2-10 mg/day); and 20 patients, nonopioid analgesic treatment. ResultsAll three groups experienced substantial improvement in pain scores during the whole follow-up period. Significantly impaired libido, reduced potency, hot flashes, and menstrual cycle dysfunction occurred more often in both morphine groups than in the nonopioid group. Significantly low serum total testosterone levels were more prevalent in the spinal morphine group and the oral morphine group (58.3% and 70.0%, respectively) than in the control group (16.7%). Total cholesterol values above 200 mg/dL and higher ultrasensitive C-reactive protein levels were significantly more frequent in the morphine groups than in the controls. Total body bone mineral density was below normal in men receiving spinal morphine (P = 0.014). ConclusionsHypogonadotrophic hypogonadism was more prevalent in the morphine groups and was correlated with clinical findings. Significant bone mass loss occurred in morphine users, even without hormone dysfunction when compared to nonopioid treatment. Growth hormone, thyroid stimulating hormone, adrenocorticotrophic hormones, and cardiovascular risk parameters were less compromised in morphine users. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/08529-5 - Double-blind controlled study on the effect of ozone applied for spinal endoscopy in the treatment of post-laminectomy pain syndrome: differential analysis in neuropathic and non-neuropathic pain and its correlation with the level of epidural cytokines
Grantee:Erich Talamoni Fonoff
Support type: Regular Research Grants