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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Antitumour activity of AMG 900 alone or in combination with histone deacetylase inhibitor SaHa on medulloblastoma cell lines

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Author(s):
Geron, Lenisa [1, 2] ; Borges, Kleiton Silva [1] ; Andrade, Augusto Faria [3] ; Suazo, Veridiana Kill [1, 2] ; Scrideli, Carlos Alberto [1] ; Tone, Luiz Gonzaga [1, 3]
Total Authors: 6
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto Med Sch, Dept Pediat, Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto Sch Philosophy Sci & Letters, Dept Biol, Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto Med Sch, Dept Genet, Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: NEUROLOGICAL RESEARCH; v. 37, n. 8, p. 703-711, AUG 2015.
Web of Science Citations: 3
Abstract

Objectives: Medulloblastoma (MB) is the most common malignant childhood brain tumour. Aurora kinases are essential for cell division and are primarily active during mitosis. Recently, the combination of aurora kinases inhibitors (iAURK) and histone deacetylase inhibitors (iHDAC) has shown potential antitumour effects and had significant biological effects in preclinical cancer models. In this study, we analysed the effects of the pan-aurora kinases inhibitor AMG 900 alone or in combination with the iHDAC SaHa (Vorinostat) on paediatric MB cell lines (UW402, UW473 and ONS-76). Methods: Cell proliferation was measured by XTT assay, apoptosis was determined by flow cytometry and clonogenic capacity was studied. qRT-PCR assays were used to determine the mRNA expression in MB cell lines after treatment. Drug combination analyses were made based on Chou-Talalay method. Results: AMG 900 caused the inhibition of cell proliferation, diminution of clonogenic capacity and increased the apoptosis rate in cell lines (P<0.05). A synergistic effect in the AMG900-SaHa combination was evidenced on the inhibition of cell proliferation in all cell lines, especially in sequential drug treatment. Moreover, the combination of these drugs reached 100% of the inhibition in colony formation (synergistic effect). The treatment with AMG 900 increased the p21 and GDF15 expression, but did not alter the TP53 in one of the cell lines. Conclusions: These results indicate that AMG 900 may be a promising drug for the adjuvant treatment of MB, mainly when combined with iHDAC. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/15645-1 - Inhibition effects of aurora-kinase in cell lines of pediatric medulloblastoma
Grantee:Lenisa Geron
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation