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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

On Vastness and Variability: Cultural Transmission, Historicity, and the Paleoindian Record in Eastern South America

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Author(s):
Araujo, Astolfo G. M. [1]
Total Authors: 1
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Museu Arqueol & Etnol, BR-05508070 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Journal article
Source: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências; v. 87, n. 2, p. 1239-1258, JUN 2015.
Web of Science Citations: 11
Abstract

Eastern South America, or what is today Brazilian territory, poses interesting questions about the early human occupation of the Americas. Three totally distinct and contemporaneous lithic technologies, dated between 11,000 and 10,000 C-14 BP, are present in different portions of the country: the Umbu tradition in the south, with its formal bifacial industry, with well-retouched scrapers and bifacial points; the Itaparica tradition in the central-west / northwest, totally unifacial, whose only formal artifacts are limaces; and the ``Lagoa Santa{''} industry, completely lacking any formal artifacts, composed mainly of small quartz flakes. Our data suggests that these differences are not related to subsistence or raw-material constraints, but rather to different cultural norms and transmission of strongly divergent chaines operatoires. Such diversity in material culture, when viewed from a cultural transmission (CT) theory standpoint, seems at odds with a simple Clovis model as the origin of these three cultural traditions given the time elapsed since the first Clovis ages and the expected population structure of the early South American settlers. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 04/01321-6 - Origins and microevolution of man in the Americas: a paleoanthropological approach (III)
Grantee:Walter Alves Neves
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 99/00670-7 - Origins and microevolution of man in the Americas: a paleoantrhopological approach
Grantee:Walter Alves Neves
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 13/13794-5 - The Paleoindian occupation of São Paulo State: a geoarchaeological approach
Grantee:Astolfo Gomes de Mello Araujo
Support type: Regular Research Grants