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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Frequency of resistance to Vip3Aa20 toxin from Bacillus thuringiensis in Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) populations in Brazil

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Bernardi, Oderlei [1] ; Bernardi, Daniel [1] ; Ribeiro, Rebeca S. [1] ; Okuma, Daniela M. [1] ; Salmeron, Eloisa [1] ; Fatoretto, Julio [2] ; Medeiros, Fernanda C. L. [2] ; Burd, Tony [3] ; Omoto, Celso [1]
Total Authors: 9
[1] Escola Super Agr Luiz Queiroz ESALQ USP, Dept Entomol & Acarol, BR-13418900 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Syngenta Crop Protect, BR-04795900 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Syngenta Crop Protect, Greensboro, NC 27419 - USA
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: CROP PROTECTION; v. 76, p. 7-14, OCT 2015.
Web of Science Citations: 20

High-dose/refuge is the most common resistant management strategy used to delay or prevent pest adaptation to transgenic plants expressing Bacillus thuringiensis Berliner toxins. The success of this strategy depends, among other factors, on a low initial resistance allele frequency. In this study, we used genotypic and phenotypic methods to estimate the frequency of resistance to Vip3Aa20 toxin in Spodoptera frugiperda (J. E. Smith) in Brazil. In genotypic monitoring (F-2 screen), 11 populations were screened from 2013 to 2014 in diet-overlay or excised-leaf bioassays. In phenotypic monitoring, 50 populations were screened from 2013 to 2015, by exposition of neonates at a diagnostic concentration of 3600 ng/cm(2) of Vip3Aa20 in diet-overlay bioassay. The resistance allele frequency to Vip3Aa20 overlay on diet or expressed on corn leaves was similar 0.0012(95% CI, 0-0.0033) and 0.0011 (95% Cl, 0-0.0031), with an overall frequency of 0.0009 (95% Cl, 0-0.0021). The resistance allele frequency does not differ among populations from different Brazilian states. In the phenotypic monitoring, only three populations MS19, MT24 and PR51 from Chapadao do Sul (MS), Lucas do Rio Verde (MT) and Castro (PR) showed larval survival ranging from 0.87 to 0.97%, differing from a susceptible reference population. In summary, the frequency of resistance to Vip3Aa20 toxin in Brazilian populations of S. frugiperda was low. Therefore, if other factors such as recessive inheritance of resistance and high level of refuge compliance are met, the risk of resistance to Vip3Aa20 in S. frugiperda populations in Brazil can be minimized. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/22743-0 - Resistance risk assessment of Spodoptera frugiperda (J. E. Smith) and Diatraea saccharalis (Fabricius) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) to VIP3Aa20 protein expressed in genetically modified maize in Brazil
Grantee:Oderlei Bernardi
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctoral