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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Gluon effects on the equation of state of color superconducting strange stars

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Ferrer, E. J. [1] ; de la Incera, V. [1] ; Paulucci, L. [2]
Total Authors: 3
[1] Univ Texas El Paso, Dept Phys, El Paso, TX 79968 - USA
[2] Univ Fed ABC, BR-09210170 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: Physical Review D; v. 92, n. 4 AUG 26 2015.
Web of Science Citations: 4

Compact astrophysical objects are a window for the study of strongly interacting nuclear matter given the conditions in their interiors, which are not reproduced in a laboratory environment. Much has been debated about their composition with possibilities ranging from a simple mixture of mostly protons and neutrons to deconfined quark matter. Recent observations on the mass of two pulsars, PSR J1614 - 2230 and PSR J0348 + 0432, have posed a great restriction on their composition, since the equation of state must be hard enough to support masses of about at least two solar masses. The onset of quarks tends to soften the equation of state, but it can get substantially stiffer since in the high-dense medium a repulsive vector interaction channel is opened. Nevertheless, we show that once gluon effects are considered, the equation of state of strange stars formed by quark matter in the color-flavor-locked (CFL) phase of color superconductivity becomes softer decreasing the maximum stellar mass that can be reached. This may indicate that strange stars made entirely of CFL matter can only be favored if other interactions, as the one corresponding to the vector channel, are taken into consideration and are large enough. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/26258-4 - Superdense matter in the universe
Grantee:Manuel Máximo Bastos Malheiro de Oliveira
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants