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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Chemical Characterization of Urate Hydroperoxide, A Pro-oxidant Intermediate Generated by Urate Oxidation in Inflammatory and Photoinduced Processes

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Author(s):
Patricio, Eliziane S. [1] ; Prado, Fernanda M. [1] ; da Silva, Railmara P. [1] ; Carvalho, Larissa A. C. [1] ; Prates, Marcus V. C. [1] ; Dadamos, Tony [2] ; Bertotti, Mauro [2] ; Di Mascio, Paolo [1] ; Kettle, Anthony J. [3] ; Meotti, Flavia C. [1]
Total Authors: 10
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Bioquim, Inst Quim, BR-05508000 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Quim, Inst Quim, BR-05508000 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Otago, Dept Pathol, Ctr Free Radical Res, Christchurch 8140 - New Zealand
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: Chemical Research in Toxicology; v. 28, n. 8, p. 1556-1566, AUG 2015.
Web of Science Citations: 10
Abstract

Urate hydroperoxide is a strong oxidant generated by the combination of urate free radical and superoxide. The formation of urate hydroperoxide as an intermediate in urate oxidation is potentially responsible for the pro-oxidant effects of urate in inflammatory disorders, protein degradation, and food decomposition. To understand the molecular mechanisms that sustain the harmful effects of urate in inflammatory and oxidative stress related conditions, we report a detailed structural characterization and reactivity of urate hydroperoxide toward biomolecules. Urate hydroperoxide was synthesized by photo-oxidation and by a myeloperoxidase/hydrogen peroxide/superoxide system. Multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) and MS3 ion fragmentation revealed that urate hydroperoxide from both sources has the same chemical structure. Urate hydroperoxide has a maximum absorption at 308 nm, epsilon(308nm) = 6.54 +/- 0.38 x 10(3) M-1 cm(-1). This peroxide decays spontaneously with a rate constant of k = 2.80 +/- 0.18 x 10(-4) s(-1) and a half-life of 41 min at 22 degrees C. Urate hydropercodde undergoes electrochemical reduction at potential values less negative than -0.5 V (versus Ag/AgCl). When incubated with taurine, histidine, tryptophan, lysine, methionine, cysteine, or glutathione, urate hydroperwdde reacted only with methionine, cysteine, and glutathione. The oxidation of these molecules occurred by a two-electron mechanism, generating the alcohol, hydroxyisourate. No adduct between cysteine or glutathione and urate hydroperoxide was detected. The second-order rate constant for the oxidation of glutathione by urate hydroperoxide was 13.7 +/- 0.8 M-1 s(-1). In conclusion, the oxidation of sulfur-containing biomolecules by urate hydroperoxide is likely to be a mechanism by which the pro-oxidant and damaging effects of urate are mediated in inflammatory and photo-oxidizing processes. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/18106-4 - Oxidation of uric acid by myeloperoxidase in inflammatory processes and the implications for cardiovascular disease
Grantee:Flavia Carla Meotti
Support type: Research Grants - Young Investigators Grants
FAPESP's process: 11/15297-3 - Effect of the urate hydroperoxide on the activation of protein disulfide isomerase and NADPH oxidase (PDI-NOX) in inflammatory processes and cardiovascular disease
Grantee:Eliziane de Souza Patricio
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master
FAPESP's process: 13/07937-8 - Redoxome - Redox Processes in Biomedicine
Grantee:Ohara Augusto
Support type: Research Grants - Research, Innovation and Dissemination Centers - RIDC
FAPESP's process: 13/02195-3 - Analysis of the pro-inflammatory mechanisms of urate hydroperoxide in innate immunity: the participation of redox modulated proteins and the inflammassome pathway
Grantee:Larissa Anastacio da Costa Carvalho
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate