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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Constructed wetlands for treatment of harvest effluents from grow-out ponds of the Amazon river prawn

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Author(s):
Oliveira Santos, Alexandre Augusto [1, 2] ; Monteiro Camargo, Antonio Fernando [1, 2]
Total Authors: 2
Affiliation:
[1] CAUNESP UNESP, Aquaculture Ctr, BR-14884900 Jaboticabal, SP - Brazil
[2] UNESP, Inst Biosci, Dept Ecol, Rio Claro - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: AQUACULTURE RESEARCH; v. 46, n. 11, p. 2676-2684, NOV 2015.
Web of Science Citations: 2
Abstract

Effluent discharges from aquaculture can reduce water quality in receiving water bodies and that strategies or practices to reduce this are necessary. One possibility is to reduce, or eliminate, water renewal in grow-out ponds. In this study, we eliminated water renewal in grow-out ponds associated with the culture of 40 individualsm(-2) of Amazon river prawn (Macrobrachium amazonicum). At the end of the culture period it was, however, necessary to drain the pond to harvest the prawns. An experiment was performed in triplicate, in which the water supply characteristics and harvest water characteristics of ponds were evaluated. To reduce these concentrations of total N and P, an aquatic macrophyte (Eichhornia crassipes, water hyacinth) treatment system (CWs) was adopted. The water characteristics in the CWs were evaluated after 1, 3, 7, 14 and 21days. The water supply of ponds presented the average concentrations of 0.67 +/- 0.32mgL(-1) and 17.4 +/- 14.7gL(-1) of total-N and total-P respectively. The harvest effluent of ponds had elevated concentrations of different forms of nitrogen (4.44mgL(-1) of total-N) and phosphorous (100.9gL(-1) of total-P). After 1day of the experiment we found the following reductions in key nutrients in treatment system containing E. crassipes: 90%, 78% and 45% reductions in the concentrations of particulate matter, orthophosphates and nitrates respectively. We noted that after 3days the nitrates had been reduced by 53%. We concluded that 3days of this treatment was sufficient for the removal of the additional nutrients that had accumulated in the Amazon river prawn ponds. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 09/07894-1 - Limnological characteristics of Camarão-da-Amazônia (Macrobrachium amazonicum) ponds, use and destination of Aguapé (Eichhornia crassipes) as alternative wastewater treatment
Grantee:Alexandre Augusto Oliveira Santos
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate (Direct)