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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Provenance and sedimentary environments of the Proterozoic Sao Roque Group, SE-Brazil: Contributions from petrography, geochemistry and Sm-Nd isotopic systematics of metasedimentary rocks

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Henrique-Pinto, R. [1] ; Janasi, V. A. [1] ; Tassinari, C. C. G. [1] ; Carvalho, B. B. [2] ; Cioffi, C. R. [1] ; Strikis, N. M. [1]
Total Authors: 6
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Geociencias, BR-01498 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Quebec Chicoutimi, Dept Appl Sci, Chicoutimi, PQ - Canada
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: Journal of South American Earth Sciences; v. 63, p. 191-207, NOV 2015.
Web of Science Citations: 3

The Proterozoic metasedimentary sequences exposed in the Sao Roque Domain (Apiai Terrane, Ribeira Belt, southeast Brazil) consist of metasandstones and meta-felspathic wackes with some volcanic layers of within-plate geochemical signature (Boturuna Formation), a passive margin turbidite sequence of metawackes and metamudstones (Piragibu Formation), and volcano-sedimentary sequences with MORB-like basalts (Serra do Itaberaba Group; Pirapora do Bom Jesus Formation). A combination of zircon provenance studies in metasandstones, whole-rock geochemistry and Sm-Nd isotopic systematics in metamudstones was used to understand the provenance and tectonic significance of these sequences, and their implications to the evolution of the Precambrian crust in the region. Whole-rock geochemistry of metamudstones, dominantly from the Piragibu Formation, points to largely granitic sources (as indicated for instance by LREE-rich moderately fractionated REE patterns and subtle negative Eu anomalies) with some mafic contribution (responding for higher contents of Fe2O3, MgO, V, and Cr) and were subject to moderate weathering (CIA - 51 to 85). Sm-Nd isotope data show three main peaks of Nd T-DM ages at ca. 1.9, 2.1 and 2.4 Ga; the younger ages define an upper limit for the deposition of the unit, and reflect greater contributions from sources younger than the >2.1 Ga basement. The coincident age peaks of Nd TDM and U-Pb detrital zircons at 2.1-2.2 Ga and 2.4-2.5 Ga, combined with the possible presence of a small amount of zircons derived from mafic (gabbroid) sources with the same ages, as indicated by a parallel LA-ICPMS U-Pb dating study in metapsammites, are suggestive that these were major periods of crustal growth in the sources involving not only crust recycling but also some juvenile addition. A derivation from similar older Proterozoic sources deposited in a passive margin basin is consistent with the main sedimentary sequences in the Sao Roque Domain being broadly coeval and in part laterally continuous. The coincident age, Sm-Nd isotope signature and geographic proximity make the exposures of basement orthogneisses in the Apiai Terrane candidates for source material to the Sao Roque Domain. Additional sources with younger Nd Tom could be juvenile 2.2 Ga basement from the southern portion of the Sao Francisco Craton and its marginal belts (e.g., Mineiro Belt and Juiz de Fora Complex). (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/04148-0 - Geological evolution of the são Roque domain: a contribution from geochronology of the granitic magmatism and provenance of psammitic metasediments
Grantee:Valdecir de Assis Janasi
Support type: Regular Research Grants