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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Transformation of Meaning Through Relations of Sameness and Opposition

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Perez, William Ferreira [1] ; de Almeida, Joo Henrique [2, 3] ; de Rose, Julio C. [4, 2]
Total Authors: 3
[1] Paradigma Ctr Ciencias Comportamento, BR-05011001 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Inst Nacl Ciencia & Tecnol Comportamento Cognicao, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Programa Posgrad Psicol, BR-13560 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Dept Psicol, BR-13564590 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: PSYCHOLOGICAL RECORD; v. 65, n. 4, p. 679-689, DEC 2015.
Web of Science Citations: 6

When derived stimulus relations are established, stimulus functions are altered. The present study aimed to verify whether arbitrary symbols related to meaningful stimuli (facial expressions of happiness) would have their meaning transformed in accordance with relations of sameness or opposition. The experiment started with training to establish the meaning of two contextual cues, one for sameness and one for opposition. Then, using these contextual cues, one pair of stimuli was related as same (B1) or opposite (B2) to six photos containing different people expressing happiness (A stimulus set, A1-A6). Following this training, two other stimuli were related as same (C1) and opposite (C2), respectively, to B1. Participants were tested for derived relations and then the transformation of functions from the happy pictures to B1, B2, C1, and C2 was verified using a semantic differential and the Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure (IRAP). Results from the semantic differential happy/sad scale, taken together with IRAP, indicated the transformation of stimulus functions: Arbitrary stimuli acquired a meaning similar or opposite to the happy faces, according to the trained or derived relations of sameness or opposition. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 08/57705-8 - Institute for the Study of Behavior, Cognition and Teaching
Grantee:Deisy das Graças de Souza
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 10/09251-8 - Quantitative analysis of the transfer of functions throught reorganized and established by reject control stimulus equivalence classes
Grantee:João Henrique de Almeida
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate