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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

The compositional evolution of dissolved and particulate organic matter along the lower Amazon River-Obidos to the ocean

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Author(s):
Ward, Nicholas D. [1] ; Krusche, Alex V. [2] ; Sawakuchi, Henrique O. [2] ; Brito, Daimio C. [3] ; Cunha, Alan C. [3] ; Sousa Moura, Jose Mauro [4] ; da Silva, Rodrigo [4] ; Yager, Patricia L. [5] ; Keil, Richard G. [1] ; Richey, Jeffrey E. [1]
Total Authors: 10
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Washington, Sch Oceanog, Seattle, WA 98195 - USA
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Ctr Energia Nucl Agr, BR-13400970 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Amapa, Dept Meio Ambiente & Desenvolvimento, BR-68902280 Macapa, AP - Brazil
[4] Univ Fed Oeste Para, BR-68035110 Santarem, PA - Brazil
[5] Univ Georgia, Dept Marine Sci, Athens, GA 30602 - USA
Total Affiliations: 5
Document type: Journal article
Source: MARINE CHEMISTRY; v. 177, n. 2, SI, p. 244-256, DEC 20 2015.
Web of Science Citations: 32
Abstract

River systems play a pivotal role in transporting and transforming organic carbon (OC) fixed by terrestrial primary production. However, there is a fundamental gap in our understanding of the connectivity of terrestrial, aquatic, and marine carbon budgets due to a lack of measurements along the lower (i.e. tidally-influenced) reaches of large river systems. For example, all estimates of carbon fluxes from the world's largest river, the Amazon, are based on measurements made at and upstream of Obidos, roughly 900 km from the mouth. Here we examine the evolution of OC concentrations and composition from Obidos to two discreet channels near the mouth of the Amazon River during five cruises from 2010 to 2012. OC characteristics of the Tapajos River, which enters the Amazon River downstream of Obidos, and the Tocantins River, which mixes with the Amazon River plume in the Atlantic Ocean, were also assessed. The average concentration of particulate organic carbon (POC) across the two main channels near the mouth was 0.6 +/- 03 mg L-1 during the study period, decreasing from 1.2 +/- 1.0 mg L-1 at Obidos. Average dissolved organic carbon (DOC) concentrations, on the other hand, increased from 3.9 +/- 0.6 mg L-1 at obidos to 4.2 +/- 0.9 mg L-1 across the mouth. The discharge of total OC to the ocean was composed of 89 +/- 3% dissolved load, compared to 76 +/- 13% at Obidos. Measurements of bulk OC stable isotopic signatures, chlorophyll a concentrations, and lignin phenol abundance were used to assess unique OC sources along the continuum. For example, the stable isotopic composition of POC and DOC indicated a replacement of highland forest-derived OC with lowland and floodplain-derived DC from Obidos to the mouth. Likewise, lignin phenol signatures showed an increase in the degradation state of vascular plant-derived OC from Obidos to the mouth. Results from this study illustrate that the abundance and composition of OC continue to evolve along the lower reaches of large tropical rivers, which has significant implications on estimations of geochemical fluxes to the ocean. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 08/58089-9 - The role of rivers on the regional carbon cycle
Grantee:Maria Victoria Ramos Ballester
Support type: Research Program on Global Climate Change - Thematic Grants