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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

The biphosphinic paladacycle complex induces melanoma cell death through lysosomal-mitochondrial axis modulation and impaired autophagy

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Gigli, Rafael [1] ; Pereira, Gustavo J. S. [1] ; Antunes, Fernanda [1] ; Bechara, Alexandre [1] ; Garcia, Daniel M. [1] ; Spindola, Daniel G. [1] ; Jasiulionis, Mirian G. [1] ; Caires, Antonio C. F. [2] ; Smaili, Soraya S. [1] ; Bincoletto, Claudia [1]
Total Authors: 10
[1] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Farmacol, Escola Paulista Med, BR-04040020 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Mogi das Cruzes, Ctr Interdisciplinar Invest Bioquim, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY; v. 107, p. 245-254, JAN 1 2016.
Web of Science Citations: 10

Recently, palladium complexes have been extensively studied as cyclization of these complexes by cyclometallation reactions increased their stability making them promising antitumor compounds. In this study, we have investigated apoptosis induced by the Biphosphinic Paladacycle Complex (BPC11) and possible cross talk between apoptosis and autophagy in cell line models of metastatic (Tm5) and non-metastatic (4C11-) melanoma. The BPC11-induced cell death in melanoma involved the lysosomal mitochondrial axis, which is characterized by LMP, CatB activation and increased Bax protein levels following its translocation to mitochondria. Mitochondrial hyperpolarization, followed by membrane potential dissipation and cleavage of caspase-3, also resulted in cell death after 24 h of incubation. We also found that BPC11-mediated LC3II formation and increased p62 protein levels, suggesting blocked autophagy, probably due to LMP. Interestingly, the treatment of Tm5 and 4C11(-) cells with 3-methyladenine (3-MA), an inhibitor of the initial stage of autophagy, potentiated the effects of BPC11. We conclude that BPC11 is an anti-melanoma agent and that autophagy may be acting as a mechanism of melanoma cells resistance. Also, these data highlight the importance of studies involving autophagy and apoptosis during pre-clinical studies of new drugs with anticancer properties. (C) 2015 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/51215-4 - Autophagy and glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK3) as molecular targets capable of increasing the activity of drugs used in the treatment of myeloid leukemias (acute and chronic)
Grantee:Claudia Bincoletto Trindade
Support type: Regular Research Grants