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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Downward transport of ozone rich air and implications for atmospheric chemistry in the Amazon rainforest

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Author(s):
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Gerken, Tobias [1] ; Wei, Dandan [1] ; Chase, Randy J. [2] ; Fuentes, Jose D. [1] ; Schumacher, Courtney [3] ; Machado, Luiz A. T. [4] ; Andreoli, Rita V. [5] ; Chamecki, Marcelo [1] ; Ferreira de Souza, Rodrigo A. [5] ; Freire, Livia S. [1] ; Jardine, Angela B. [6] ; Manzi, Antonio O. [6] ; Nascimento dos Santos, Rosa M. [5] ; von Randow, Celso [4] ; Costa, Patricia dos Santos [5, 6] ; Stoy, Paul C. [7] ; Tota, Julio [8] ; Trowbridge, Amy M. [7, 9]
Total Authors: 18
Affiliation:
[1] Penn State Univ, Dept Meteorol, University Pk, PA 16802 - USA
[2] SUNY Coll Brockport, Dept Earth Sci, Brockport, NY 14420 - USA
[3] Texas A&M Univ, Dept Atmospher Sci, College Stn, TX - USA
[4] INPE, Sao Jose Dos Campos, SP - Brazil
[5] Univ Estado Amazonas, Manaus, Amazonas - Brazil
[6] INPA, Climate & Environm Dept, Manaus, Amazonas - Brazil
[7] Montana State Univ, Dept Land Resources & Environm Sci, Bozeman, MT 59717 - USA
[8] Univ Fed Oeste Para, Santarem, PA - Brazil
[9] Indiana Univ, Dept Biol, Bloomington, IN - USA
Total Affiliations: 9
Document type: Journal article
Source: Atmospheric Environment; v. 124, n. A, p. 64-76, JAN 2016.
Web of Science Citations: 17
Abstract

From April 2014 to January 2015, ozone (O-3) dynamics were investigated as part of GoAmazon 2014/5 project in the central Amazon rainforest of Brazil. Just above the forest canopy, maximum hourly O-3 mixing ratios averaged 20 ppbv (parts per billion on a volume basis) during the June September dry months and 15 ppbv during the wet months. Ozone levels occasionally exceeded 75 ppbv in response to influences from biomass burning and regional air pollution. Individual convective storms transported O-3-rich air parcels from the mid-troposphere to the surface and abruptly enhanced the regional atmospheric boundary layer by as much as 25 ppbv. In contrast to the individual storms, days with multiple convective systems produced successive, cumulative ground-level O-3 increases. The magnitude of O-3 enhancements depended on the vertical distribution of O-3 within storm downdrafts and origin of downdrafts in the troposphere. Ozone mixing ratios remained enhanced for > 2 h following the passage of storms, which enhanced chemical processing of rainforest-emitted isoprene and monoterpenes. Reactions of isoprene and monoterpenes with O-3 are modeled to generate maximum hydroxyl radical formation rates of 6 x 10(6) radicals cm(-3)s(-1). Therefore, one key conclusion of the present study is that downdrafts of convective storms are estimated to transport enough O-3 to the surface to initiate a series of reactions that reduce the lifetimes of rainforest-emitted hydrocarbons. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 09/15235-8 - Cloud processes of the main precipitation systems in Brazil: a contribution to cloud resolving modeling and to the GPM (Global Precipitation Measurement)
Grantee:Luiz Augusto Toledo Machado
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants