Advanced search
Start date
Betweenand
(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Three ways to distinguish species: using behavioural, ecological, and molecular data to tell apart two closely related ants, Camponotus renggeri and Camponotus rufipes (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)

Full text
Author(s):
Ronque, Mariane U. V. [1] ; Azevedo-Silva, Marianne [1] ; Mori, Gustavo M. [2, 3] ; Souza, Anete P. [2, 4] ; Oliveira, Paulo S. [5]
Total Authors: 5
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, Inst Biol, Programa Posgrad Ecol, CP 6109, BR-13083862 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Campinas, Ctr Biol Mol & Engn Genet, CP 6010, BR-13083875 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[3] Agencia Paulista Tecnol Agronegocios, Polo Reg Ctr Sul, CP 28, BR-13400970 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Estadual Campinas, Dept Biol Vegetal, CP 6109, BR-13083970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[5] Univ Estadual Campinas, Dept Biol Anim, CP 6109, BR-13083862 Campinas, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 5
Document type: Journal article
Source: Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society; v. 176, n. 1, p. 170-181, JAN 2016.
Web of Science Citations: 12
Abstract

The closely related Camponotus renggeri and Camponotus rufipes (subgenus Myrmothrix) often live in sympatry in the Brazilian `cerrado' savannah, and are distinguished by nuances in their blackish body colour and by the colour of the legs. Variation in morphological characters, however, makes species separation difficult and it has been suggested that the two species should be merged into one. As appropriate species identification is essential for studies in ecology and evolutionary biology, here we examine how natural history data (habitat preference, nesting biology) and molecular tools (nuclear and mitochondrial markers) perform in distinguishing sympatric populations of C. renggeri and C. rufipes. In our study area, C. rufipes was only seen in cerrado sensu stricto (scrub of shrubs and trees), whereas C. renggeri occurred in cerrado sensu stricto and cerradao (closed woodland). Camponotus renggeri nested underground or in fallen/erect dead trunks, whereas C. rufipes constructed distinctive nests of dry straw. Nest persistence through time was higher in C. rufipes, especially in the hot/rainy season. Nest distribution was random in C. renggeri and aggregated in C. rufipes. Molecular data consistently showed that, regardless of the source of genetic variation, the uppermost hierarchical level of divergence is observed between species, unambiguously differentiating the individuals identified as C. renggeri and C. rufipes as two independent evolutionary lineages. Mitochondrial data throughout the species' geographical ranges further confirmed a consistent genetic divergence between C. renggeri and C. rufipes along their distribution in Brazil. Our integrated approach combining morphological traits with natural history and molecular data confirms that C. renggeri and C. rufipes are valid species that can be separated in our study area relatively well. (c) 2015 The Linnean Society of London, Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 2016 (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/04667-4 - Natural history, behavior and ecology of Camponotus rufipes and Camponotus renggeri (Formicidae: Formicinae): a comparative study
Grantee:Mariane Ueda Vaz Ronque
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master
FAPESP's process: 11/18580-8 - Studies on Neotropical ants: interactions with herbivorous insects, behavioral ecology and social organization
Grantee:Paulo Sergio Moreira Carvalho de Oliveira
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 12/08689-5 - Development and characterization of microsatellite markers for delimitation of two ant species in Cerrado: Camponotus renggeri and Camponotus rufipes (Formicidae: Formicinae)
Grantee:Marianne Azevedo Silva
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
FAPESP's process: 12/23671-5 - Interaction between ants and plants bearing extrafloral nectaries : community patterns along a latitudinal gradient in the cerrado biome
Grantee:Paulo Sergio Moreira Carvalho de Oliveira
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 13/08086-1 - Population and functional genomics and an ecophysiological approach on the evolutionary study of Neotropical mangrove species in face of historical and current climate changes
Grantee:Gustavo Maruyama Mori
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 08/52197-4 - Genomic-assisted breeding of sugarcane: using molecular markers for understanding the genetic architecture of quantitative traits and to implement marker assisted selection
Grantee:Anete Pereira de Souza
Support type: Program for Research on Bioenergy (BIOEN) - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 14/23141-1 - Ecology of interactions, behavioral ecology, and genetics of neotropical ant populations
Grantee:Paulo Sergio Moreira Carvalho de Oliveira
Support type: BIOTA-FAPESP Program - Regular Research Grants