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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Inhibition of CYP21A2 enzyme activity caused by novel missense mutations identified in Brazilian and Scandinavian patients

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Soardi, F. C. [1] ; Barbaro, M. [2] ; Lau, I. F. [1] ; Lemos-Marini, S. H. V. [3] ; Baptista, M. T. M. [4] ; Guerra-Junior, G. [3] ; Wedell, A. [2] ; Lajic, S. [2] ; de Mello, M. P. [1]
Total Authors: 9
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, CBMEG UNICAMP, Ctr Biol Mol & Engn Genet, Lab Genet Mol Humana, BR-13083875 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Karolinska Univ Hosp, Karolinska Inst, Dept Mol Med & Surg, SE-17176 Stockholm - Sweden
[3] Univ Estadual Campinas, Dept Pediat, Ctr Invest Pediat, BR-13083875 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Estadual Campinas, Dept Clin Med, Disciplina Endocrinol, Fac Ciencias Med, BR-13083875 Campinas, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ENDOCRINOLOGY & METABOLISM; v. 93, n. 6, p. 2416-2420, JUN 2008.
Web of Science Citations: 36

Background: Most patients with 21-hydroxylase deficiency carry CYP21A1P-derived mutations, but an increasing number of novel and rare mutations have been reported in disease-causing alleles. Objective: Functional effects of three novel (p.G56R, p.L107R, p.L142P) and one recurrent (p.R408C) CYP21A2 mutations were investigated. The degree of enzyme impairment caused by p.H62L alone or combined to p.P453S was also analyzed. Design: The study included 10 Brazilian and two Scandinavian patients. To determine the deleterious role of each mutant protein, in vitro assays were performed in transiently transfected COS-1 cells. For a correct genotype-phenotype correlation, the enzymatic activities were evaluated toward the two natural substrates, 17-hydroxyprogesterone and progesterone. Results: Low levels of residual activities obtained for p.G56R, p.L107R, p.L142P, and p.R408C mutants classified them as classical congenital adrenal hyperplasia mutations, whereas the p.H62L showed an activity within the range of nonclassical mutations. Apparent kinetic constants for p.H62L confirmed the nonclassical classification as the substrate binding capacity was within the same magnitude for mutant and normal enzymes. A synergistic effect was observed for the allele bearing the p.H62L + p.P453S combination because it caused a significant reduction in the enzymatic activity. Conclusions: We describe the functional analysis of five rare missense mutations identified in Brazilian and Scandinavian patients. The p.G56R, p.L107R, and p.L142P are reported for the first time. Most probably these novel mutations are closer to null than the p.I172N, but for the p.G56R, that might not be the case, and the p.H62L is definitely a nonclassical mutation. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 05/00981-5 - Congenital adrenal hyperplasia: new mutations and their effects on the enzymatic activity
Grantee:Maricilda Palandi de Mello
Support type: Regular Research Grants