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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

An estimate of the number of tropical tree species

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Author(s):
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Slik, J. W. Ferry [1] ; Arroyo-Rodriguez, Victor [2] ; Aiba, Shin-Ichiro [3] ; Alvarez-Loayza, Patricia [4] ; Alves, Luciana F. [5] ; Ashton, Peter [6] ; Balvanera, Patricia [2] ; Bastiang, Meredith L. [7] ; Bellingham, Peter J. [8] ; van den Berg, Eduardo [9] ; Bernacci, Luis [5] ; Bispo, Polyanna da Conceicao [10] ; Blanc, Lilian [11] ; Boehning-Gaese, Katrin [12] ; Boeckx, Pascal [13] ; Bongers, Frans [14] ; Boyle, Brad [15] ; Bradford, Matt [16] ; Brearley, Francis Q. [17] ; Hockemba, Mireille Breuer-Ndoundou [18] ; Bunyavejchewin, Sarayudh [19] ; Leal Matos, Darley Calderado [20] ; Castillo-Santiago, Miguel [21] ; Catharino, Eduardo L. M. [22] ; Chai, Shauna-Lee [23] ; Chen, Yukai [24] ; Colwell, Robert K. [25, 26] ; Robin, Chazdon L. [26] ; Clark, Connie [4] ; Clark, David B. [27] ; Clark, Deborah A. [27] ; Culmsee, Heike [28] ; Damas, Kipiro [29] ; Dattaraja, Handanakere S. [30] ; Dauby, Gilles [31] ; Davidar, Priya [32] ; DeWalt, Saara J. [33] ; Doucet, Jean-Louis [34] ; Duque, Alvaro [35] ; Durigan, Giselda [36] ; Eichhorn, Karl A. O. [37] ; Eisenlohr, Pedro V. [38] ; Eler, Eduardo [39] ; Ewango, Corneille [18] ; Farwig, Nina [40] ; Feeley, Kenneth J. [41] ; Ferreira, Leandro [20] ; Field, Richard [42] ; de Oliveira Filho, Ary T. [43] ; Fletcher, Christine [44] ; Forshed, Olle [45] ; Franco, Geraldo [36] ; Fredriksson, Gabriella [46] ; Gillespie, Thomas [47] ; Gillet, Jean-Francois [34] ; Amarnath, Giriraj [48] ; Griffith, Daniel M. [49] ; Grogan, James [50] ; Gunatilleke, Nimal [51] ; Harris, David [52] ; Harrison, Rhett [53, 54] ; Hector, Andy [55] ; Homeier, Juergen [28] ; Imai, Nobuo [56] ; Itoh, Akira [57] ; Jansen, Patrick A. [58, 14] ; Joly, Carlos A. [59] ; de Jong, Bernardus H. J. [21] ; Kartawinata, Kuswata [60] ; Kearsley, Elizabeth [13] ; Kelly, Daniel L. [61] ; Kenfack, David [62] ; Kessler, Michael [63] ; Kitayama, Kanehiro [64] ; Kooyman, Robert [65] ; Larney, Eileen [66] ; Laumonier, Yves [67] ; Laurance, Susan [68] ; Laurance, William F. [68] ; Lawes, Michael J. [69] ; do Amaral, Ieda Leao [39] ; Letche, Susan G. [70] ; Lindsell, Jeremy [71] ; Lu, Xinghui [72] ; Mansor, Asyraf [73] ; Marjokorpi, Antti [74] ; Martin, Emanuel H. [75, 76] ; Meilby, Henrik [77] ; Melo, Felipe P. L. [78] ; Metcalfe, Daniel J. [79] ; Medjibe, Vincent P. [4] ; Metzger, Jean Paul [80] ; Millet, Jerome [81] ; Mohandass, D. [82] ; Montero, Juan C. [83] ; Valeriano, Marcio de Morisson [10] ; Mugerwa, Badru [84] ; Nagamasu, Hidetoshi [64] ; Nilus, Reuben ; Ochoa-Gaona, Susana [21] ; Onrizal ; Page, Navendu [30] ; Parolin, Pia [85] ; Parren, Marc [14] ; Parthasarathy, Narayanaswamy [32] ; Paudel, Ekananda [53] ; Permana, Andrea [63] ; Piedade, Maria T. F. ; Pitman, Nigel C. A. [4] ; Poorter, Lourens [14] ; Poulsen, Axel D. [86] ; Poulsen, John [4] ; Powers, Jennifer [87] ; Prasad, Rama C. [88] ; Puyravaud, Jean-Philippe [89] ; Razafimahaimodiso, Jean-Claude [66] ; Reitsma, Jan [90] ; dos Santos, Joao Roberto [10] ; Spironello, Wilson Roberto [39] ; Romero-Saltos, Hugo [91] ; Rovero, Francesco [92] ; Rozak, Andes Hamuraby [93] ; Ruokolainen, Kalle [94] ; Rutishauser, Ervan [95] ; Saiter, Felipe [96] ; Saner, Philippe [63] ; Santos, Braulio A. [97] ; Santos, Fernanda [20] ; Sarker, Swapan K. [98] ; Satdichanh, Manichanh [53] ; Schmitt, Christine B. [99] ; Schoengart, Jochen [100] ; Schulze, Mark [101] ; Suganuma, Marcio S. [80] ; Sheil, Douglas [67, 102, 103] ; Pinheiro, Eduardo da Silva [104] ; Sist, Plinio [105] ; Stevart, Tariq [106] ; Sukumar, Raman [30] ; Sun, I. -Fang [107] ; Sunderand, Terry [67] ; Suresh, H. S. [30] ; Suzuki, Eizi [3] ; Tabarelli, Marcelo [78] ; Tang, Jangwei [82] ; Targhetta, Natuelia [100] ; Theilade, Ida [77] ; Thomas, Duncan W. [108] ; Tchouto, Peguy [109] ; Hurtado, Johanna [110] ; Valencia, Renato [111] ; van Valkenburg, Johan L. C. H. [112] ; Do, Tran Van ; Vasquez, Rodolfo [106] ; Verbeeck, Hans [13] ; Adekunle, Victor [113] ; Vieira, Simone A. [59] ; Webb, Campbell O. [114] ; Whitfeld, Timothy [115] ; Wich, Serge A. [116, 117] ; Williams, John [118] ; Wittmann, Florian [119] ; Woell, Hannsjoerg ; Yang, Xiaobo [120] ; Yao, C. Yves Adou [121] ; Yap, Sandra L. [122] ; Yoneda, Tsuyoshi [3] ; Zahawi, Rakan A. [110] ; Zakaria, Rahmad [73] ; Zang, Runguo [72] ; de Assis, Rafael L. [39, 102] ; Luize, Bruno Garcia [39] ; Venticinque, Eduardo M. [123]
Total Authors: 173
Affiliation:
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[1] Univ Brunei Darusallam, Fac Sci, Gadong - Brunei
[2] Univ Nacl Autonoma Mexico, Ctr Invest Ecosistemas, Morelia, Michoacan - Mexico
[3] Kagoshima Univ, Kagoshima 890 - Japan
[4] Duke Univ, Ctr Trop Conservat, Durham, NC - USA
[5] Inst Agron Campinas, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[6] Harvard Univ, Dept Organism & Evolutionary Biol, Cambridge, MA 02138 - USA
[7] Smithsonian Natl Zool Pk, Washington, DC - USA
[8] Landcare Res, Lincoln - New Zealand
[9] Univ Fed Lavras, Lavras - Brazil
[10] Natl Inst Space Res INPE, Sao Jose Dos Campos, SP - Brazil
[11] Ctr Cooperat Int Rech Agronim Dev CIRAD, Belem, Para - Brazil
[12] Gesell Naturforsch, Senckenberg, Biodivers & Climate Res Ctr BiK F, Frankfurt - Germany
[13] Univ Ghent, B-9000 Ghent - Belgium
[14] Wageningen Univ, NL-6700 AP Wageningen - Netherlands
[15] Univ Arizona, Tucson, AZ - USA
[16] CSIRO, Land & Water Trop Forest Res Ctr, Atherton - Australia
[17] Manchester Metropolitan Univ, Manchester M15 6BH, Lancs - England
[18] Wildlife Conservat Soc, Congo Program, Nouabale Ndoki Park - Congo
[19] Wildlife & Plant Conservat, Dept Natl Pk, Bangkok - Thailand
[20] Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi, Belem, Para - Brazil
[21] El Colegio Frontera ECOSUR, Chiapas - Mexico
[22] Inst Bot Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[23] Alberta Innovates Technol Futures, Vegreville, AB - Canada
[24] Hainan Normal Univ, Coll Life Sci, Haikou - Peoples R China
[25] Univ Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309 - USA
[26] Univ Connecticut, Storrs, CT - USA
[27] Univ Missouri, St Louis, MO 63121 - USA
[28] Univ Gottingen, D-37073 Gottingen - Germany
[29] PNG Forest Res Inst, Lae - Papua N Guinea
[30] Indian Inst Sci, Bangalore 560012, Karnataka - India
[31] Univ Libre Bruxelles, Brussels - Belgium
[32] Pondicherry Univ, Pondicherry - India
[33] Clemson Univ, Clemson, SC - USA
[34] Univ Liege, Gembloux Agro Bio Tech, Gembloux - Belgium
[35] Univ Nacl Colombia, Medellin - Colombia
[36] Inst Florestal Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[37] Eichhorn Ecol, Zeist - Netherlands
[38] Univ Estado Mato Grosso, Caceres - Brazil
[39] Inst Nacl de Pesquisas da Amazonia, Manaus, Amazonas - Brazil
[40] Univ Marburg, Marburg - Germany
[41] Florida Int Univ, Int Ctr Trop Bot, Miami, FL 33199 - USA
[42] Univ Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2RD - England
[43] Univ Fed Minas Gerais, Inst Ciencias Biol, Belo Horizonte, MG - Brazil
[44] Forest Res Inst Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur - Malaysia
[45] World Wildlife Fund WWF Sweden, Stockholm - Sweden
[46] PanEco Sumatran Orangutan Conservat Program SOCP, Medan, North Sumatra - Indonesia
[47] Univ Calif Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA - USA
[48] Int Water Management Inst, Colombo - Sri Lanka
[49] Univ Laica Eloy Alfaro Manabi, Manta - Ecuador
[50] Mt Holyoke Coll, South Hadley, MA - USA
[51] Univ Peradeniya, Peradeniya - Sri Lanka
[52] Royal Bot Gardens Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Midlothian - Scotland
[53] Chinese Acad Sci, Kunming Inst Bot, Ctr Mt Ecosyst, Kunming - Peoples R China
[54] China & World Agroforestry Ctr ICRAF, East & Cent Asia Reg Off, Kunming - Peoples R China
[55] Univ Oxford, Oxford - England
[56] Kyoto Univ, Primate Res Inst, Inuyama, Aichi 484 - Japan
[57] Osaka City Univ, Osaka 558 - Japan
[58] Smithsonian Trop Res Inst, Panama City - Panama
[59] Univ Estadual Campinas, Campinas - Brazil
[60] Indonesian Inst Sci LIPI, Herbarium Bogoriense, Biol Res Ctr, Cibinong - Indonesia
[61] Univ Dublin Trinity Coll, Dublin 2 - Ireland
[62] Smithsonian Trop Res Inst, Washington, DC - USA
[63] Univ Zurich, Zurich - Switzerland
[64] Kyoto Univ, Kyoto - Japan
[65] Macquarie Univ, Sydney, NSW 2109 - Australia
[66] Ctr ValBio, Ranomafana - Madagascar
[67] Ctr Int Forestry Res CIFOR, Bogor - Indonesia
[68] James Cook Univ, Cairns - Australia
[69] Charles Darwin Univ, Res Inst Environm & Livelihoods, Darwin, NT 0909 - Australia
[70] SUNY Coll Purchase, Purchase Coll, Purchase, NY 10577 - USA
[71] RSPB, Sandy, Beds - England
[72] Chinese Acad Forestry, Inst Forest Ecol Environm & Protect, Beijing - Peoples R China
[73] Univ Sains Malaysia, Georgetown, Penang - Malaysia
[74] Stora Enso Oyj, Helsinki - Finland
[75] Udzungwa Ecol Monitoring Ctr, Mangula - Tanzania
[76] Sokoine Univ Agr, Morogoro - Tanzania
[77] Univ Copenhagen, Copenhagen - Denmark
[78] Univ Fed Pernambuco, Recife, PE - Brazil
[79] CSIRO Land & Water, EcoSci Precinct, Acton, ACT - Australia
[80] Univ Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[81] Natl Univ Laos, Viangchan - Laos
[82] Chinese Acad Sci, Xishuangbanna Trop Bot Garden, Key Lab Trop Forest Ecol, Menglun - Peoples R China
[83] Univ Freiburg, Fac Environm & Nat Resources, D-79106 Freiburg - Germany
[84] Inst Trop Forest Conservat, Kampala - Uganda
[85] Univ Sumatera Utara, Medan, Sumatra - Indonesia
[86] Univ Hamburg, Hamburg - Germany
[87] Univ Oslo, Oslo - Norway
[88] Univ Minnesota, Dept Ecol Evolut & Behav, St Paul, MN 55108 - USA
[89] Int Inst Informat Technol, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh - India
[90] Sigur Nat Trust, Masinagudi - India
[91] Bur Waardenburg Bv, Culemborg - Netherlands
[92] Yachay Tech Univ, Dept Biol, Urcuqui - Ecuador
[93] MUSE Museo Sci, Trento - Italy
[94] Indonesian Inst Sci LIPI, Cibodas Bot Gardens, Cianjur - Indonesia
[95] Univ Turku, Turku - Finland
[96] Carboforexpert, Geneva - Switzerland
[97] Inst Fed Espirito Santo, Santa Teresa - Brazil
[98] Univ Fed Paraiba, BR-58059900 Joao Pessoa, Paraiba - Brazil
[99] Shahjalal Univ Sci & Technol, Sylhet - Bangladesh
[100] Univ Freiburg, Chair Landscape Management, D-79106 Freiburg - Germany
[101] Inst Nacl de Pesquisas da Amazonia, Max Planck Project, Manaus, Amazonas - Brazil
[102] Oregon State Univ, Corvallis, OR 97331 - USA
[103] Norwegian Univ Life Sci, As - Norway
[104] Univ Fed Amazonas, Manaus, Amazonas - Brazil
[105] CIRAD, Montpellier - France
[106] Missouri Bot Garden, St Louis, MO 63166 - USA
[107] Natl Dong Hwa Univ, Dept Nat Resources & Environm Studies, Hualien - Taiwan
[108] Washington State Univ, Dept Biol, Vancouver, ON - Canada
[109] Ecole Natl Eaux & Forets, Mbalmayo - Cameroon
[110] Org Trop Field Studies, La Selva - Costa Rica
[111] Pontificia Univ Catolica Ecuador, Quito - Ecuador
[112] Nederlands Voedsel En Warenautoriteit, Wageningen - Netherlands
[113] Fed Univ Technol Akure, Akure - Nigeria
[114] Harvard Univ, Arnold Arboretum, Jamaica Plain, MA - USA
[115] Brown Univ, Providence, RI 02912 - USA
[116] Univ Amsterdam, Amsterdam - Netherlands
[117] Liverpool John Moores Univ, Liverpool L3 5UX, Merseyside - England
[118] Inst Politecn Nacl, Oaxaca - Mexico
[119] Max Planck Inst Chem, Biogeochem Dept, D-55128 Mainz - Germany
[120] Hainan Univ, Haikou, Hainan - Peoples R China
[121] Felix Houphouet Boigny Univ, Abidjan - Cote Ivoire
[122] Univ Philippines, Inst Biol, Quezon City 1101 - Philippines
[123] Univ Fed Rio Grande do Norte, BR-59072970 Natal, RN - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 123
Document type: Journal article
Source: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America; v. 112, n. 24, p. 7472-7477, JUN 16 2015.
Web of Science Citations: 104
Abstract

The high species richness of tropical forests has long been recognized, yet there remains substantial uncertainty regarding the actual number of tropical tree species. Using a pantropical tree inventory database from closed canopy forests, consisting of 657,630 trees belonging to 11,371 species, we use a fitted value of Fisher's alpha and an approximate pantropical stem total to estimate the minimum number of tropical forest tree species to fall between similar to 40,000 and similar to 53,000, i.e., at the high end of previous estimates. Contrary to common assumption, the Indo-Pacific region was found to be as species-rich as the Neotropics, with both regions having a minimum of similar to 19,000-25,000 tree species. Continental Africa is relatively depauperate with a minimum of similar to 4,500-6,000 tree species. Very few species are shared among the African, American, and the Indo-Pacific regions. We provide a methodological framework for estimating species richness in trees that may help refine species richness estimates of tree-dependent taxa. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 03/12595-7 - Floristic composition, structure and functioning of the Dense Rainforest nuclei of Picinguaba and Santa Virgínia of Parque Estadual da Serra do Mar, State of São Paulo, Brazil
Grantee:Carlos Alfredo Joly
Support type: BIOTA-FAPESP Program - Thematic Grants