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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

2-Methylcitric acid impairs glutamate metabolism and induces permeability transition in brain mitochondria

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Amaral, Alexandre Umpierrez [1] ; Cecatto, Cristiane [1] ; Castilho, Roger Frigerio [2] ; Wajner, Moacir [3, 1]
Total Authors: 4
[1] Univ Fed Rio Grande do Sul, Dept Bioquim, Inst Ciencias Basicas Saude, Rua Ramiro Barcelos, 2600 Anexo, BR-90035003 Porto Alegre, RS - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Campinas, Fac Ciencias Med, Dept Patol Clin, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[3] Hosp Clin Porto Alegre, Serv Genet Med, Porto Alegre, RS - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: Journal of Neurochemistry; v. 137, n. 1, p. 62-75, APR 2016.
Web of Science Citations: 8

Accumulation of 2-methylcitric acid (2MCA) is observed in methylmalonic and propionic acidemias, which are clinically characterized by severe neurological symptoms. The exact pathogenetic mechanisms of brain abnormalities in these diseases are poorly established and very little has been reported on the role of 2MCA. In the present work we found that 2MCA markedly inhibited ADP-stimulated and uncoupled respiration in mitochondria supported by glutamate, with a less significant inhibition in pyruvate plus malate respiring mitochondria. However, no alterations occurred when -ketoglutarate or succinate was used as respiratory substrates, suggesting a defect on glutamate oxidative metabolism. It was also observed that 2MCA decreased ATP formation in glutamate plus malate or pyruvate plus malate-supported mitochondria. Furthermore, 2MCA inhibited glutamate dehydrogenase activity at concentrations as low as 0.5mM. Kinetic studies revealed that this inhibitory effect was competitive in relation to glutamate. In contrast, assays of osmotic swelling in non-respiring mitochondria suggested that 2MCA did not significantly impair mitochondrial glutamate transport. Finally, 2MCA provoked a significant decrease in mitochondrial membrane potential and induced swelling in Ca2+-loaded mitochondria supported by different substrates. These effects were totally prevented by cyclosporine A plus ADP or ruthenium red, indicating induction of mitochondrial permeability transition. Taken together, our data strongly indicate that 2MCA behaves as a potent inhibitor of glutamate oxidation by inhibiting glutamate dehydrogenase activity and as a permeability transition inducer, disturbing mitochondrial energy homeostasis. We presume that 2MCA-induced mitochondrial deleterious effects may contribute to the pathogenesis of brain damage in patients affected by methylmalonic and propionic acidemias. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/50400-0 - Mitochondrial energy metabolism, redox state and functionality in cell death and cardiometabolic and neurodegenerative disorders
Grantee:Aníbal Eugênio Vercesi
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants