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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Social skills and psychopathic traits in maltreated adolescents

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Author(s):
Ometto, Mariella [1, 2, 3] ; de Oliveira, Paula Approbato [3] ; Milioni, Ana Luiza [2] ; dos Santos, Bernardo [4] ; Scivoletto, Sandra [3] ; Busatto, Geraldo F. [1, 2] ; Nunes, Paula V. [5] ; Cunha, Paulo Jannuzzi [1, 2, 3, 6]
Total Authors: 8
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Ctr Interdisciplinary Res Appl Neurosci NAPNA, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Med, Dept Psychiat, Lab Psychiat Neuroimaging LIM 21, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Hosp Clin, Sch Med, Equilibrium Program, Dept & Inst Psychiat, Rua Ovidio Pires de Campos, BR-05403010 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Nursing, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[5] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Med, Dept Psychiat, Bipolar Disorder Res Program, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[6] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Med, Inst Psychiat IPq, Interdisciplinary Grp Studies Alcohol & Drugs GRE, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 6
Document type: Journal article
Source: EUROPEAN CHILD & ADOLESCENT PSYCHIATRY; v. 25, n. 4, p. 397-405, APR 2016.
Web of Science Citations: 6
Abstract

Child maltreatment has frequently been associated with impaired social skills and antisocial features, but there are still controversies about the effect of each type of maltreatment on social behaviour. The aim of this study was to compare the social functioning and psychopathic traits of maltreated adolescents (MTA) with a control group (CG) and to investigate what types of maltreatments and social skills were associated with psychopathic traits in both groups. The types and intensity of maltreatment were evaluated through the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ) in 107 adolescents, divided into the MTA group (n = 66) and non-maltreated youths (n = 41), our CG. The Hare Psychopathy Checklist: Youth Version (PCL: YV) and a detailed inventory for evaluation of social skills in adolescents were also applied in all individuals. MTA presented more psychopathic traits than the CG, in all domains measured by PCL: YV, independently of IQ levels and the presence of psychiatric disorders. Interestingly, the groups did not differ significantly from each other on indicators of social skills. Multiple regression analysis revealed that emotional neglect was the only maltreatment subtype significantly associated with psychopathic traits, more specifically with the PCL: YV interpersonal factor (F1), and that some social skills (empathy, self-control and social confidence) were related to specific psychopathic factors. The results highlight that emotional neglect may be more detrimental to social behaviours than physical and sexual abuse, and that neglected children require more specific and careful attention. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 10/15604-0 - White matter integrity of the corpus callosum and neuropsychological performance in maltreated children and adolescents: a brain morphometric and diffusion tensor imaging study
Grantee:Paulo Jannuzzi Cunha
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctoral
FAPESP's process: 10/15786-1 - White matter integrity of the corpus callosum and neuropsychological performance in maltreated children and adolescents: a brain morphometric and diffusion tensor imaging study
Grantee:Geraldo Busatto Filho
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 10/18374-6 - Neuropsychological profile of adolescents exposed to situations of early emotional stress
Grantee:Sandra Scivoletto
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 11/19185-5 - Comparison of verbal and Non-verbal neuropsychological performance in maltreated adolescents
Grantee:Sandra Scivoletto
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants