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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

The role of the local retail food environment in fruit, vegetable and sugar-sweetened beverage consumption in Brazil

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Duran, Ana Clara [1] ; de Almeida, Samuel Luna [2] ; Latorre, Maria do Rosario D. O. [3] ; Jaime, Patricia Constante [1]
Total Authors: 4
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Nutr, Av Dr Arnaldo 715, BR-01246904 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Environm Hlth, Sch Publ Hlth, BR-01246904 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Epidemiol, Sch Publ Hlth, BR-01246904 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: PUBLIC HEALTH NUTRITION; v. 19, n. 6, p. 1093-1102, APR 2016.
Web of Science Citations: 10

Objective: To examine the relationship between the local retail food environment and consumption of fruits and vegetables (FV) and sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) in SAo Paulo, Brazil, as well as the moderation effects of income in the studied relationships. Design: Cross-sectional study design that drew upon neighbourhood- and individual-level data. For each participant, community (density and proximity) and community food environment (availability, variety, quality and price) measures of FV and SSB were assessed in retail food stores and specialized fresh produce markets within 1.6 km of their homes. Poisson generalized estimating equations (GEE) were used to model the associations of food consumption with food environment measures, adjusted by individual-level characteristics. Setting: SAo Paulo, Brazil. Subjects: Adults (n 1842) residing in the same census tracts (n 52) in SAo Paulo, Brazil as those where the neighbourhood-level measures were taken. Results: FV availability in neighbourhoods was associated with regular FV consumption (>= 5 times/week; prevalence ratio=1.41; 95 % CI 1.19, 1.67). Regular FV consumption prevalence was significantly lower among lower-income individuals living in neighbourhoods with fewer supermarkets and fresh produce markets (P-interaction <0.05). A greater variety of SSB was associated with a 15 % increase in regular SSB consumption (>= 5 times/week) prevalence, after adjustment for confounding variables. Conclusions: Our findings suggest that the local retail food environment is associated with FV and SSB consumption in a Brazilian urban sample. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 09/17517-0 - Design, validation, and application of assessment tools of the environmental determinants of overweight and obesity
Grantee:Marly Augusto Cardoso
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 09/02279-7 - Design, evaluation and testing of assessment tools of environmental determinants of overweight and obesity
Grantee:Ana Clara da Fonseca Leitão Duran
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate