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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Oxygen reduction activity and methanol tolerance of carbon-supported PtV nanoparticles and the effects of heat treatment at low temperatures

Full text
Author(s):
Gentil, R. [1] ; Villullas, H. M. [1]
Total Authors: 2
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Estadual Paulista, UNESP, Inst Quim, Rua Francisco Degni 55, BR-14800900 Araraquara, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Journal article
Source: Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry; v. 20, n. 4, SI, p. 1119-1129, APR 2016.
Web of Science Citations: 5
Abstract

This paper reports on oxygen reduction activity and methanol tolerance of PtV/C prepared by a polyol method and the effects of heat treatments in reducing environments at low temperatures (up to 300 degrees C). The as -prepared catalyst showed a low content of alloyed vanadium, but it was considerably more active for the oxygen reduction reaction than PVC and had superior methanol tolerance. Dispersive X-ray absorption spectroscopy measurements around the Pt L3 edge indicated that the presence of vanadium in the catalyst increased the Pt 5d -band vacancy at the time that it seems to diminish the Pt coverage by adsorbed OH species. Heat treatments at 150, 200, and 300 degrees C carded out in strongly reducing conditions produced minor changes in the degree of alloying together with a moderate particle growth. The largest incorporation of vanadium in the alloyed phase was observed after heating at 150 degrees C while a decrease in the alloying and Pt segregation to the surface were observed for higher treatment temperatures. In general, heat treatments were detrimental for oxygen reduction activity, suggesting that the presence of vanadium oxides might play a role. In addition, the decreased in methanol tolerance might be associated to Pt segregation to the surface. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/12255-6 - Catalysis-nanostructure-properties relations: establishing basis for the design of multifunctional catalysts
Grantee:Hebe de las Mercedes Villullas
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 11/06538-7 - New strategies in the development of fuel cell catalysts: advanced methods of synthesis and on line and in situ techniques in the study of catalytic activity
Grantee:Hebe de las Mercedes Villullas
Support type: Regular Research Grants