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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

The true identity of Obama (Platyhelminthes: Geoplanidae) flatworm spreading across Europe

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Author(s):
Carbayo, Fernando [1, 2] ; Alvarez-Presas, Marta [3, 4] ; Jones, Hugh D. [5] ; Riutort, Marta [3, 4]
Total Authors: 4
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Escola Artes Ciencias & Humanidades, Lab Ecol & Evolucao, Av Arlindo Bettio 1000, BR-03828000 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biociencias, Dept Zool, Rua Matao, Travessa 14, Cidade Univ, BR-05508900 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Barcelona, Dept Genet, Fac Biol, Avinguda Diagonal 643, E-08028 Barcelona - Spain
[4] Univ Barcelona, Inst Recerca Biodivers IRBio, Avinguda Diagonal 643, E-08028 Barcelona - Spain
[5] Nat Hist Museum, Life Sci, Cromwell Rd, London SW7 5BD - England
Total Affiliations: 5
Document type: Journal article
Source: Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society; v. 177, n. 1, p. 5-28, MAY 2016.
Web of Science Citations: 19
Abstract

Since 2008 there have been many records in Europe (British Isles, Spain, France, Italy) of a large terrestrial planarian morphologically very similar to the Brazilian species Obama marmorata. Sequences of mitochondrial (Cox1) and nuclear (18S, 28S, ITS-1 and EF) genes from European specimens and some from Brazil indicate that they belong to a species different from that of other specimens also collected in Brazil. Moreover, the phylogenetic results show that they are not sister-species. Histological sections of both Brazilian and European specimens reveal subtle morphological differences between the two species. Obama marmorata is confined to Brazil, and the second, herein described new species, Obama nungara sp. nov., is found in Brazil and Europe. These cryptic species may be syntopic in areas in Brazil. The new species occurs in human-modified environments both in Brazil and in Europe. We also conclude that the specimens from Spain and Argentina identified previously as Obama marmorata belong to the new species. (C) 2016 The Linnean Society of London, Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 2016 (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/13661-8 - Taxonomic revision of the land planarians of Geoplana (Platyhelminthes, Tricladida)
Grantee:Fernando Jesús Carbayo Baz
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 14/50961-0 - Hugh David Jones | Natural History Museum - Inglaterra
Grantee:Fernando Jesús Carbayo Baz
Support type: Research Grants - Visiting Researcher Grant - International