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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Stellar equilibrium configurations of compact stars in f (R, T) theory of gravity

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Moraes, P. H. R. S. [1] ; Arbanil, Jose D. V. [1] ; Malheiro, M. [1]
Total Authors: 3
[1] Inst Tecnol Aeronaut, Dept Fis, BR-12228900 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Journal article
Source: Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics; n. 6 JUN 2016.
Web of Science Citations: 42

In this article we study the hydrostatic equilibrium configuration of neutron stars and strange stars, whose fluid pressure is computed from the equations of state p = omega rho(5/3) and p = 0.28(rho - 4B), respectively, with omega and beta being constants and rho the energy density of the fluid. We start by deriving the hydrostatic equilibrium equation for the f (R, T)theory of gravity, with R and T standing for the Ricci scalar and trace of the energy-momentum tensor, respectively. Such an equation is a generalization of the one obtained from general relativity, and the latter can be retrieved for a certain limit of the theory. For the f (R, T) = R + 2 lambda T functional form, with lambda being a constant, we find that some physical properties of the stars, such as pressure, energy density, mass and radius, are affected when lambda is changed. We show that for a fixed central star energy density, the mass of neutron and strange stars can increase with lambda. Concerning the star radius, it increases for neutron stars and it decreases for strange stars with the increment of lambda. Thus, in f (R, T) theory of gravity we can push the maximum mass above the observational limits. This implies that the equation of state cannot be eliminated if the maximum mass within General Relativity lies below the limit given by observed pulsars. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 15/08476-0 - Gravitational waves in f(R,T) theories: polarization states and astrophysical sources
Grantee:Pedro Henrique Ribeiro da Silva Moraes
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate