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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Resistance of cotton genotypes with different leaf colour and trichome density to Bemisia tabaci biotype B

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do Prado, J. C. [1] ; Penaflor, M. F. G. V. [2] ; Cia, E. [1] ; Vieira, S. S. [1] ; Silva, K. I. [1] ; Carlini-Garcia, L. A. [3] ; Lourencao, A. L. [1]
Total Authors: 7
[1] IAC, Ctr Fitossanidade, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Lavras UFLA, Dept Entomol, Campus Univ, Caixa Postal 3037, BR-37200000 Lavras, MG - Brazil
[3] Polo Reg Ctr Sul APTA, Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: Journal of Applied Entomology; v. 140, n. 6, p. 405-413, JUL 2016.
Web of Science Citations: 3

The silverleaf whitefly (SLW), Bemisia tabaci biotype B, is considered one of the most serious pests in cotton worldwide. Its control is based on the use of pesticides, which are well-known for their harmful effects on non-target organisms and the environment. Here, we examined resistance of several cotton genotypes in terms of antixenosis and antibiosis against SLW. We also investigated the mechanisms of cotton genotypes involved in antixenosis against SLW by correlating with leaf trichome density and leaf colour parameters. In choice tests, we selected resistant cotton genotypes, Gossypiumhirsutum palmeri, Aubum 56-7, G.hirsutum morrilli, Moco, Nu-16 (B2 B3 B6)- 78/658, Paymaster 53-816 and IAC 23', based on SLW oviposition and host preference. No-choice tests with these genotypes confirmed antixenosis effect on SLW; however, no antibiosis resistance was detected in terms of developmental period and adult emergence rate. We found SLW oviposition preference was positively correlated with trichome density in the abaxial leaf surface, while adult host preference was mostly explained by high levels of green intensity of adaxial surface. Nevertheless, both SLW oviposition and host preference were negatively correlated with the lightness level of adaxial leaf surface. Probably, the underlying mechanism of cotton resistance is based on more than just these two parameters, but our study will contribute to selecting resistant cotton genotypes and helps to understand the mechanisms involved in cotton resistance against SLW. To our best knowledge, this is the first work showing that cotton leaf colour parameters are related to resistance against SLW. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/13719-0 - Resistance of cotton genotypes to Bemisia tabaci biotype b
Grantee:Juliana Cardoso Do Prado
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master
FAPESP's process: 12/12252-1 - Effect of multiple herbivory and red rot infection on induced resistance mechanisms of sugarcane
Grantee:Maria Fernanda Gomes Villalba Peñaflor
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate