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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Sources of granite magmatism in the Embu Terrane (Ribeira Belt, Brazil): Neoproterozoic crust recycling constrained by elemental and isotope (Sr-Nd-Pb) geochemistry

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Alves, Adriana [1] ; Janasi, Valdecir de Assis [1] ; Campos Neto, Mario da Costa [1]
Total Authors: 3
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Geociencias, BR-05508 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Journal article
Source: Journal of South American Earth Sciences; v. 68, n. SI, p. 205-223, JUL 2016.
Web of Science Citations: 10

Whole rock elemental and Sr-Nd isotope geochemistry and in situ K-feldspar Pb isotope geochemistry were used to identify the sources involved in the genesis of Neoproterozoic granites from the Embu Terrane, Ribeira Belt, SE Brazil. Granite magmatism spanned over 200 Ma (810-580 Ma), and is dominated by crust-derived relatively low-T (850-750 degrees C, zircon saturation) biotite granites to biotite-muscovite granites. Two Cryogenian plutons show the least negative epsilon Nd-t (-8 to -10) and highest mg\# (30-40) of the whole set. Their compositions are strongly contrasted, implying distinct sources for the peraluminous (ASI similar to 1.2) similar to 660 Ma Serra do Quebra-Cangalha batholith (metasedimentary rocks from relatively young upper crust with high Rb/Sr and low Th/U) and the metaluminous (ASI = 0.96 -1.00) similar to 630 Ma Santa Catarina Granite. Although not typical, the geochemical signature of these granites may reflect a continental margin arc environment, and they could be products of a prolonged period of oceanic plate consumption started at similar to 810 Ma. The predominant Ediacaran (595-580 Ma) plutons have a spread of compositions from biotite granites with SiO2 as low as similar to 65% (e.g., Raped, Maua Sabauna and Lagoinha granites) to fractionated muscovite granites (Mogi das Cruzes, Santa Branca and Guacuri granites; up to similar to 75% SiO2). epsilon Nd-T are characteristically negative (-12 to -18), with corresponding Nd T-DM indicating sources with Paleoproterozoic mean crustal ages (2.0-2.5 Ga). The Guacuri and Santa Branca muscovite granites have the more negative epsilon Nd-t, highest Sr-87/Sr-86(t) (0.714-0.717) and lowest Pb-208/Pb-206 and (207)pb/(206)pb, consistent with an old metasedimentary source with low time-integrated Rb/Sr. However, a positive Nd-Sr isotope correlation is suggested by data from the other granites, and would be consistent with mixing between an older source predominant in the Maua granite and a younger, high Rb/Sr source that is more abundant in the Lagoinha granite sample. The Ediacaran granites are coeval with profuse granite magmatism attributed to continental arc magmatism in northern Ribeira and Aracual belts. However, their evolved compositions with low mg\# and dominantly peraluminous character are unlike those of magmatic arc granites, and they are more likely products of post-collisional magmatism or correspond to an inner belt of crust-derived granites. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 07/00635-5 - Contributions from the mantle and different crust reservoirs to the Neoproterozoic granitic magmatism in SE Brazil
Grantee:Valdecir de Assis Janasi
Support type: Regular Research Grants