Advanced search
Start date
Betweenand
(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Determination of Crystal Growth Rates in Glasses Over a Temperature Range Using a Single DSC Run

Full text
Author(s):
Reis, Raphael M. C. V. ; Fokin, Vladimir M. ; Zanottok, Edgar D.
Total Authors: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: Journal of the American Ceramic Society; v. 99, n. 6, p. 2001-2008, JUN 2016.
Web of Science Citations: 8
Abstract

In this work, we propose and test a simple and accurate technique capable of determining the crystal growth rate, U(T), over a fairly wide temperature range by means of a single differential scanning calorimetry run. This method is based on using 50-200 lm-thick samples with parallel rough surfaces so that crystal growth is effectively unidirectional and the crystallization fronts have a constant area during the entire crystallization process. Growth rates are calculated from the expression U(T) = L center dot q center dot DSC(T)/A(peak), where DSC(T) is the value of the differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) crystallization curve at each temperature T, A(peak) is the overall peak area, L is half the sample thickness, and q is the heating rate. This method has been tested for different values of L and q for three glasses undergoing predominantly surface nucleation, that possess distinctly different crystallization behaviors: stoichiometric lithium disilicate and diopside (CaO center dot MgO center dot 2SiO(2)) and a nonstoichiometric lithium-calcium metasilicate. Growth rates spanning temperature intervals of more than 100 K, including temperature ranges where literature data are scarce due to experimental difficulties, were determined using a single DSC run. The resulting U(T) data were compared with literature data obtained using optical microscopy. The growth rates determined using the proposed method show excellent agreement with the published data for both stoichiometric glasses and only small errors for the nonstoichiometric glass. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/07793-6 - CEPIV - Center for Teaching, Research and Innovation in Glass
Grantee:Edgar Dutra Zanotto
Support type: Research Grants - Research, Innovation and Dissemination Centers - RIDC