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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Spatial Learning and Neurogenesis: Effects of Cessation of Wheel Running and Survival of Novel Neurons by Engagement in Cognitive Tasks

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Author(s):
Motta-Teixeira, Livia Clemente ; Takada, Silvia Honda ; Machado-Nils, Aline Vilar ; Nogueira, Maria Ines ; Xavier, Gilberto Fernando
Total Authors: 5
Document type: Journal article
Source: HIPPOCAMPUS; v. 26, n. 6, p. 794-803, JUN 2016.
Web of Science Citations: 6
Abstract

Physical exercise stimulates cell proliferation in the adult dentate gyrus and facilitates acquisition and/or retention of hippocampal-dependent tasks. It is established that regular physical exercise improves cognitive performance. However, it is unclear for how long these benefits last after its interruption. Independent groups of rats received both free access to either unlocked (EXE Treatment) or locked (No-EXE Treatment) running wheels for 7 days, and daily injections of bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) in the last 3 days. After a time delay period of either 1, 3, or 6 weeks without training, the animals were tested in the Morris water maze (MWM) either in a working memory task dependent on hippocampal function (MWM-HD) or in a visible platform searching task, independent on hippocampal function (MWM-NH). Data confirmed that exposure of rats to 7 days of spontaneous wheel running increases cell proliferation and neurogenesis. In contrast, neurogenesis was not accompanied by significant improvements of performance in the working memory version of the MWM. Longer time delays between the end of exercise and the beginning of cognitive training in the MWM resulted in lower cell survival; that is, the number of novel surviving mature neurons was decreased when this delay was 6 weeks as compared with when it was 1 week. In addition, data showed that while exposure to the MWM-HD working memory task substantially increased survival of novel neurons, exposure to the MWM-NH task did not, thus indicating that survival of novel dentate gyrus neurons depends on the engagement of this brain region in performance of cognitive tasks. (C) 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/03960-0 - Physical activity, neurogenesis and memory
Grantee:Lívia Clemente Motta Teixeira
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master