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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

The reactivity of plant-derived organic matter and the potential importance of priming effects along the lower Amazon River

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Ward, Nicholas D. ; Bianchi, Thomas S. ; Sawakuchi, Henrique O. ; Gagne-Maynard, William ; Cunha, Alan C. ; Brito, Daimio C. ; Neu, Vania ; Valerio, Aline de Matos ; da Silva, Rodrigo ; Krusche, Alex V. ; Richey, Jeffrey E. ; Keil, Richard G.
Total Authors: 12
Document type: Journal article
Source: JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-BIOGEOSCIENCES; v. 121, n. 6, p. 1522-1539, JUN 2016.
Web of Science Citations: 35

Here we present direct measurements of the biological breakdown of C-13-labeled substrates to CO2 at seven locations along the lower Amazon River, from bidos to the mouth. Dark incubation experiments were performed at high and low water periods using vanillin, a lignin phenol derived from vascular plants, and at the high water period using four different C-13-labeled plant litter leachates. Leachates derived from oak wood were degraded most slowly with vanillin monomers, macrophyte leaves, macrophyte stems, and whole grass leachates being converted to CO2 1.2, 1.3, 1.7, and 2.3 times faster, respectively, at the upstream boundary, bidos. Relative to bidos, the sum degradation rate of all four leachates was 3.3 and 2.6 times faster in the algae-rich Tapajos and Xingu Rivers, respectively. Likewise, the leachates were broken down 3.2 times more quickly at bidos when algal biomass from the Tapajos River was simultaneously added. Leachate reactivity similarly increased from bidos to the mouth with leachates breaking down 1.7 times more quickly at Almeirim (midway to the mouth) and 2.8 times more quickly across the river mouth. There was no discernible correlation between in situ nutrient levels and remineralization rates, suggesting that priming effects were an important factor controlling reactivity along the continuum. Further, continuous measurements of CO2, O-2, and conductivity along the confluence of the Tapajos and Amazon Rivers and the Xingu and Jaraucu Rivers revealed in situ evidence for enhanced O-2 drawdown and CO2 production along the mixing zone of these confluences. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 08/58089-9 - The role of rivers on the regional carbon cycle
Grantee:Maria Victoria Ramos Ballester
Support type: Research Program on Global Climate Change - Thematic Grants