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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Isolation, characterization and screening of the in vitro cytotoxic activity of a novel L-amino acid oxidase (LAAOcdt) from Crotalus durissus terrificus venom on human cancer cell lines

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Teixeira, Tuila Leveghim ; Oliveira Silva, Viviane Aline ; da Cunha, Daniel Batista ; Polettini, Flavia Lino ; Thomaz, Camila Daniele ; Pianca, Ariana Aparecida ; Zambom, Fabiana Leticia ; da Silva Leitao Mazzi, Denise Pimenta ; Reis, Rui Manuel ; Mazzi, Mauricio Ventura
Total Authors: 10
Document type: Journal article
Source: Toxicon; v. 119, p. 203-217, SEP 1 2016.
Web of Science Citations: 12

An L-amino acid oxidase (LAAOcdt) from Crotalus durissus terrificus venom was purified to homogeneity in a two-step procedure using molecular exclusion on Sephadex G-75, followed by Phenyl Sepharose FF chromatography. The molecular mass of the purified enzyme was 113 kDa, as determined by SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions. LAAOcdt showed amino acid homology to other L-amino acid oxidases isolated from different snake venoms. The comparative analysis of the internal peptide sequences of the NNPGILEYPVKPSEEGI( fragments by LC-MS/MS spectrometry revealed 100% identity with C durissus cumanensis LAAO. The purified protein catalyzed the oxidative deamination of L-amino acids, and the most specific substrates were L-Tyr and L-Phe. The enzyme presented optimum activity at pH 7.4 and at 44 C. LAAOcdt also showed hemolytic activity (0.6-20 mu g/L) and induced both the formation plasma clots (5-100 mu g/mu L) and platelet aggregation (2.5 x 10(-3), 5.0 x 10(-3) and 10 x 10(-3) mu g/mL), as well as bactericidal activity (2.5-10 mu g/mu L.) against Staphylococcus aureus. Moreover, LAAOcdt exhibited cytotoxicity in distinct cancer cell lines, which presented a heterogeneous response profile. The mean IC50 value was 10.5 mu g/mL. Glioma and pancreatic carcinoma cells were the most sensitive cell lines; they showed mean IC50 values of 7.2 mu g/mL and 7.4 mu g/mL, respectively. The exposure of the drug-sensitive cells to LAAOcdt for 24 h upregulated activated p-H2AX and efficiently decreased P42/P44 (ERK) activation in glioma cells (HCB151), which suggested an anti-proliferative effect. In addition, increased p21 expression was observed in SiHa cells, which showed a resistant phenotype. On the other hand, the flow cytometry and immunoblotting analyses showed that the enzyme did not induce cancer cell apoptosis. These results suggest that another cell death mechanism might contribute to the LAAOcdt-induced cytotoxicity. Taken together, this work may help to elucidate the function and structure of LAAOcdt by providing the basis for further investigations on its efficacy in cancer treatment. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/12267-6 - Biochemical, structural and functional characterization of an L-amino acid oxidase from the yellow venom of the rattlesnake Crotalus durissus terrificus
Grantee:Maurício Ventura Mazzi
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants