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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Effects of Self-Superparasitism and Temperature on Biological Traits of Two Neotropical Trichogramma (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae) Species

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DaSilva, C. S. B. ; Morelli, Renata ; Parra, J. R. P.
Total Authors: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: Journal of Economic Entomology; v. 109, n. 4, p. 1555-1563, AUG 2016.
Web of Science Citations: 1

It is common for a female trichogrammatid to lay more than one egg per host, a phenomenon known as self-superparasitism, which exposes her offspring to intraspecific, intrinsic competition (IIC) with its own siblings. Information about how often self-superparasitism occurs and how IIC interacts with abiotic factors is rare, especially regarding the Neotropical Trichogramma species. Here we determined the frequency of self-superparasitism in Trichogramma atopovirilia Oatman \& Platner (Ta) and T. pretiosum Riley (Tp), and the effects of IIC and temperature on the sex ratio, egg-to-adulthood period, and survivorship of both species' offspring. Individual females were offered eggs of Spodoptera frugiperda (J.E. Smith) for 30 min. A group of parasitized hosts was then dissected for determination of the self-superparasitism frequency, while another group was incubated at 15, 18, 21, 24, 27, 30, and 33 degrees C. High rates of self-superparasitism were found in both Ta (0.5560.07) and Tp (0.6260.06). IIC interacted with temperature decreasing Ta and Tp's survivorship, lengthening the egg-to-adulthood period in Tp and shortening it in Ta, and balancing Ta's sex ratio. Based on survivorship rate, Ta and Tp could not be differentiated if their immatures develop in absence of IIC. However, in its presence, Tp was 3x more likely to survive than Ta at 33 degrees C, while at 15 degrees C Ta survived 2x better than Tp. These results show that self-superparasitism can be very common in both Ta and Tp, and that its effects on the species' biological traits and competitiveness strongly depend on the IIC-temperature interaction. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 07/07054-8 - Release model of Telenomus Remus Nixon (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae) and Trichogramma atopovirilia Oatman & Platner (HYM.: Trichogrammatidae) for control of Spodoptera frugiperda (J.E. Smith) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)
Grantee:Cherre Sade Bezerra da Silva
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate