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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Atorvastatin Improves Ventricular Remodeling after Myocardial Infarction by Interfering with Collagen Metabolism

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Reichert, Karla ; Pereira do Carmo, Helison Rafael ; Torina, Anali Galluce ; de Carvalho, Daniela Diogenes ; Sposito, Andrei Carvalho ; de Souza Vilarinho, Karlos Alexandre ; Silveira-Filho, Lindemberg da Mota ; Martins de Oliveira, Pedro Paulo ; Petrucci, Orlando
Total Authors: 9
Document type: Journal article
Source: PLoS One; v. 11, n. 11 NOV 23 2016.
Web of Science Citations: 16

Purpose Therapeutic strategies that modulate ventricular remodeling can be useful after acute myocardial infarction (MI). In particular, statins may exert effects on molecular pathways involved in collagen metabolism. The aim of this study was to determine whether treatment with atorvastatin for 4 weeks would lead to changes in collagen metabolism and ventricular remodeling in a rat model of MI. Methods Male Wistar rats were used in this study. MI was induced in rats by ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD). Animals were randomized into three groups, according to treatment: sham surgery without LAD ligation (sham group, n = 14), LAD ligation followed by 10mg atorvastatin/kg/day for 4 weeks (atorvastatin group, n = 24), or LAD ligation followed by saline solution for 4 weeks (control group, n = 27). After 4 weeks, hemodynamic characteristics were obtained by a pressure-volume catheter. Hearts were removed, and the left ventricles were subjected to histologic analysis of the extents of fibrosis and collagen deposition, as well as the myocyte cross-sectional area. Expression levels of mediators involved in collagen metabolism and inflammation were also assessed. Results End-diastolic volume, fibrotic content, and myocyte cross-sectional area were significantly reduced in the atorvastatin compared to the control group. Atorvastatin modulated expression levels of proteins related to collagen metabolism, including MMP1, TIMP1, COL I, PCPE, and SPARC, in remote infarct regions. Atorvastatin had anti-inflammatory effects, as indicated by lower expression levels of TLR4, IL-1, and NF-kB p50. Conclusion Treatment with atorvastatin for 4 weeks was able to attenuate ventricular dysfunction, fibrosis, and left ventricular hypertrophy after MI in rats, perhaps in part through effects on collagen metabolism and inflammation. Atorvastatin may be useful for limiting ventricular remodeling after myocardial ischemic events. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/14550-7 - The diacerein properties on the left ventricle remodeling after acute myocardial infarction: experimental study
Grantee:Orlando Petrucci Jr
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 12/09130-1 - Development of cardioplegic solution for heart transplant and conventional open-heart surgeries.
Grantee:Orlando Petrucci Jr
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants