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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

One-year of NMHCs hourly observations in Sao Paulo megacity: meteorological and traffic emissions effects in a large ethanol burning context

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Author(s):
Dominutti, Pamela A. ; Nogueira, Thiago ; Borbon, Agnes ; Andrade, Maria de Fatima ; Fornaro, Adalgiza
Total Authors: 5
Document type: Journal article
Source: Atmospheric Environment; v. 142, p. 371-382, OCT 2016.
Web of Science Citations: 11
Abstract

Sao Paulo Megacity (MASP), with more than 20 million inhabitants, is among the world's most populous cities. Brazil is the only area in the world where fuel with a high ethanol content has been used since 1975 and its usage have increased in the last decade with the development of flex-fuel vehicles. Here, the biofuel effect on VOCs burden and composition it is discussed by a crossed analysis of long-term ambient data and emission data over the last decades in MASP. The most abundant NMHCs in ppb, were propane (5.02 +/- 5.94), ethylene (3.97 +/- 4.55), ethane (2.28 +/- 1.89), acetylene (1.98 +/- 2.11), 2,2,4-trymethylpentane (2.05 +/- 1.48), i-propylbenzene (1.96 +/- 1.85), n-butane (1.97 +/- 2.24), toluene (1.62 +/- 2.02), i-pentane (1.30 +/- 1.61) and propylene (1.26 +/- 1.54). The comparison with studies performed in MASP over the last 15 years showed a decrease in the NMHC concentration levels, in spite of the growth of the vehicular fleet and fuel consumption. Nevertheless, NMHCs mean concentrations were higher in MASP compared to those in other megacities worldwide (Beijing, London, Los Angeles and Paris) by a factor of 1.1 to 10, although showing similar composition. This suggests that NMHC distribution is dominated by traffic emissions regardless of regional characteristics like fuel usage and composition. Diurnal profiles of NMHC in MASP confirm these findings by all showing the same patterns as CO and acetylene, both recognized as combustion emission tracers. Finally large-scale ethanol usage would not affect the distribution of NMHCs in MASP and gasoline vehicular emissions seem to be the most important source of hydrocarbons in urban areas. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/18777-6 - Assessment of vehicular emissions of organic and inorganic compounds from the combustion of biofuels and their contributions to air quality in the metropolitan area of São Paulo
Grantee:Thiago Nogueira
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 08/57717-6 - National Institute for Integrated Analysis of Environmental Risk
Grantee:Thais Mauad
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 08/58104-8 - Narrowing the uncertainties on aerosol and climate changes in São Paulo State: NUANCES-SPS
Grantee:Maria de Fátima Andrade
Support type: Research Program on Global Climate Change - Thematic Grants