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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Protein malnutrition potentiates the amplifying pathway of insulin secretion in adult obese mice

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Leite, Nayara Carvalho ; de Paula, Flavia ; Borck, Patricia Cristine ; Vettorazzi, Jean Franciesco ; Souto Branco, Renato Chaves ; Lubaczeuski, Camila ; Boschero, Antonio Carlos ; Zoppi, Claudio Cesar ; Carneiro, Everardo Magalhaes
Total Authors: 9
Document type: Journal article
Source: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS; v. 6, SEP 16 2016.
Web of Science Citations: 6

Pancreatic beta cell (beta) dysfunction is an outcome of malnutrition. We assessed the role of the amplifying pathway (AMP PATH) in beta cells in malnourished obese mice. C57Bl-6 mice were fed a control (C) or a low-protein diet (R). The groups were then fed a high-fat diet (CH and RH). AMP PATH contribution to insulin secretion was assessed upon incubating islets with diazoxide and KCl. CH and RH displayed increased glucose intolerance, insulin resistance and glucose-stimulated insulin secretion. Only RH showed a higher contribution of the AMP PATH. The mitochondrial membrane potential of RH was decreased, and ATP flux was unaltered. In RH islets, glutamate dehydrogenase (GDH) protein content and activity increased, and the AMP PATH contribution was reestablished when GDH was blunted. Thus, protein malnutrition induces mitochondrial dysfunction in beta cells, leading to an increased contribution of the AMP PATH to insulin secretion through the enhancement of GDH content and activity. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/19536-2 - Metabolic control of insulin secretion in islets of Langerhans from mice submitted to experimental protein malnourishment and obesity
Grantee:Everardo Magalhães Carneiro
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 13/07607-8 - OCRC - Obesity and Comorbidities Research Center
Grantee:Licio Augusto Velloso
Support type: Research Grants - Research, Innovation and Dissemination Centers - RIDC
FAPESP's process: 11/09012-6 - Molecular mechanisms involved in the dysfunction and death of pancreatic beta cells in Diabetes Mellitus: strategies for the prevention of islet dysfunction and for islet mass recuperation in different cellular and animal models
Grantee:Antonio Carlos Boschiero
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants