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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Structural and thermodynamic studies of the tobacco calmodulin-like rgs-CaM protein

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Makiyama, Rodrigo K. ; Fernandes, Carlos A. H. ; Dreyer, Thiago R. ; Moda, Bruno S. ; Matioli, Fabio F. ; Fontes, Marcos R. M. ; Maia, Ivan G.
Total Authors: 7
Document type: Journal article
Source: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules; v. 92, p. 1288-1297, NOV 2016.
Web of Science Citations: 5

The tobacco calmodulin-like protein rgs-CaM is involved in host defense against virus and is reported to possess an associated RNA silencing suppressor activity. Rgs-CaM is also believed to act as an antiviral factor by interacting and targeting viral silencing suppressors for autophagic degradation. Despite these functional data, calcium interplay in the modulation of rgs-CaM is still poorly understood. Here we show that rgs-CaM displays a prevalent alpha-helical conformation and possesses three functional Ca2+-binding sites. Using computational modeling and molecular dynamics simulation, we demonstrate that Ca2+ binding to rgs-CaM triggers expansion of its tertiary structure with reorientation of alpha-helices within the EF-hands. This conformational change leads to the exposure of a large negatively charged region that may be implicated in the electrostatic interactions between rgs-CaM and viral suppressors. Moreover, the k(d) values obtained for Ca2+ binding to the three functional sites are not within the affinity range of a typical Ca2+ sensor. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/17864-8 - Structural studies with neurotoxic Phospholipases A2
Grantee:Carlos Alexandre Henrique Fernandes
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 10/03001-0 - Functional studies of rgs-CaM, a Calmodulin-like protein that suppress RNA silencing
Grantee:Rodrigo Kazuo Makiyama
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate