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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Untold muddy tales: Paleoenvironmental dynamics of a ``barren{''} mudrock succession from a shallow Permian epeiric sea

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Author(s):
Simoes, M. G. ; Matos, S. A. ; Warren, L. V. ; Assine, M. L. ; Riccomini, C. ; Bondioli, J. G.
Total Authors: 6
Document type: Journal article
Source: Journal of South American Earth Sciences; v. 71, n. SI, p. 223-234, NOV 2016.
Web of Science Citations: 2
Abstract

During the late Paleozoic, the intracratonic Parana Basin, Brazil, in central Gondwanaland, was covered by a huge (>1.600.000 km(2)), shallow and isolated epeiric sea. Within the Permian succession, oxygen deficient fades are commonly recorded in the Mesosaurus-bearing Irati Formation (Cisuralian, Artinskian/Kungurian) and the overlaying Serra Alta Formation (Guadalupian, Wordian/Capitanian). Barren, dark-grey mudstones are the main facies preserved in this last unit, which has usually discouraged extensive and detailed stratigraphical and paleontological investigations. However, exhaustive sedimentological, taphonomic and paleontological surveys in those deposits reveal a dynamic and complex depositonal history. Based on sedimentary fabric, autochthonous to parautochthonous occurrences of shelly benthic invertebrates (bivalves) and the presence/absence of concretion-bearing and phosphate rich layers, we report variations in the oxygen levels of bottom and pore waters, in bathymetry, sedimentation rates, and changes in benthic colonization. Our data indicate that the deposition of this ``apparently barren{''} mudstone-dominated succession was driven by a complex interplay of variations in sedimentation rate and oxygen pulses tied to tectonic and climate changes. Three distinct populations or invertebrate paleocommunities were recorded, which were adapted to (a) normal background lowoxygerr (dysoxic) conditions (i.e., minute infaunal suspension-feeding bivalves associated with the trace fossil Planolites), (b) chemically toxic (anoxic/extreme dysoxic) substrates, including gigantic burrowing bivalves (probable chemosymbiotic taxa), and (c) oxic/dysoxic substrates following short-term bottom disruptions. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/12508-6 - Integrated analysis (taxonomic, paleoecologic and evolutive) of the bivalves from the base of Corumbataí Formation (Permian) and coeval units, and its implications for the geological history of the endemic molluscan fauna from the Paraná Basin, Brazil
Grantee:Suzana Aparecida Matos da Silva
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate