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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Magnetic hyperfine interactions on Cd sites of the rare-earth cadmium compounds RCd (R=Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, and Er)

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Cavalcante, F. H. M. ; Leite Neto, O. F. L. S. ; Saitovitch, H. ; Cavalcante, J. T. P. D. ; Carbonari, A. W. ; Saxena, R. N. ; Bosch-Santos, B. ; Pereira, L. F. D. ; Mestnik-Filho, J. ; Forker, M.
Total Authors: 10
Document type: Journal article
Source: Physical Review B; v. 94, n. 6 AUG 15 2016.
Web of Science Citations: 1

This paper reports the investigation of the magnetic hyperfine field B-hf in a series of rare-earth (R) cadmium intermetallic compounds RCd and GdCd2 measured by perturbed angular correlation (PAC) spectroscopy using In-111/Cd-111 as probe nuclei at Cd sites as well as first-principles calculations of B-hf at Cd sites in the studied compounds. Vapor-solid state reaction of R metals with Cd vapor and the In-111 radioisotope was found to be an appropriate route of doping rare-earth cadmium compounds with the PAC probe In-111/Cd-111. The observation that the hyperfine parameters depend on details of the sample preparation provides information on the phase preference of diffusing 111In in the rare-earth cadmium phase system. The Cd-111 hyperfine field has been determined in the compounds RCd for the R constituents Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, and Er, in several cases as a function of temperature. For most R constituents, the temperature dependence B-hf (T) of 111Cd: RCd is consistent with ferromagnetic order of the compound. DyCd, however, presents a remarkable anomaly: a finite magnetic hyperfine field is observed only in the temperature interval 35 K <= T <= 80 K which indicates a transition from ferromagnetic order to a spin arrangement where all 4f-induced contributions to the magnetic hyperfine field at the Cd site cancel. First-principles calculation results for DyCd show that the (pi, pi, 0) antiferromagnetic configuration is energetically more favorable than the ferromagnetic. The approach used in the calculations to simulate the RCd system successfully reproduces the experimental values of B-hf at Cd sites and shows that the main contribution to B-hf comes from the valence electron polarization. The de Gennes plot of the hyperfine field B-hf of 111Cd: RCd vs the 4f-spin projection (g - 1) J reflects a decrease of the strength of indirect 4f -4f exchange across the R series. Possible mechanisms are discussed and the experimental results indicate that the indirect coupling is provided by the intra-atomic 4f-5d exchange and interatomic 5d-5d interaction between the spin-polarized 5d electrons of neighboring R atoms. The ratio of the hyperfine fields of GdCd and GdCd2 scales with the number of nearest Gd neighbors. In the paramagnetic phases of the RCd compounds, the PAC spectra indicate the presence of a broad distribution of weak quadrupole interactions suggesting a perturbation of the cubic CsCl symmetry of the Cd site, most probably due to chemical disorder of the R and Cd sublattices. A substantial interchange of R and Cd atoms is also reflected in the temperature dependence of the linewidth of the magnetic hyperfine interaction in the magnetically ordered phase of RCd and GdCd2. Its critical increase towards the order temperature is evidence for a distribution of the order temperature with a width of about 10 K. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/11104-9 - Atomic scale investigation of high-dielectric-constant nano-structured semiconductor oxides by means of a nuclear technique
Grantee:Artur Wilson Carbonari
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 11/14097-0 - Study of hyperfine interactions in nanostructured dielectric oxides and filmes using gamma-gamma perturbed angular coorelation spectroscopy
Grantee:Fabio Henrique de Moraes Cavalcante
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate