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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Electrospun polyurethane membranes for Tissue Engineering applications

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Author(s):
Gabriel, Lais P. ; Rodrigues, Ana Amelia ; Macedo, Milton ; Jardini, Andre L. ; Maciel Filho, Rubens
Total Authors: 5
Document type: Journal article
Source: Materials Science & Engineering C-Materials for Biological Applications; v. 72, p. 113-117, MAR 1 2017.
Web of Science Citations: 11
Abstract

Tissue Engineering proposes, among other things, tissue regeneration using scaffolds integrated with biological molecules, growth factors or cells for such regeneration. In this research, polyurethane membranes were prepared using the electrospinning technique in order to obtain membranes to be applied in Tissue Engineering, such as epithelial, drug delivery or cardiac applications. The influence of fibers on the structure and morphology of the membranes was studied using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), the structure was evaluated by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), and the thermal stability was analyzed by therrnograVimetry analysis (TGA). In vitro cells attachment and proliferation was investigated by SEM, and in vitro cell viability was studied by 3-(4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2,5-diphenyl-2H-tetrazolium broritide (MTT) assays and Live/Dead (R) assays. It was found that the membranes present an homogeneous morphology, high porosity, high surface area/volume ratio, it was also observed a random fiber network. The thermal analysis showed that the membrane degradation started at 254 degrees C. In vitro evaluation of fibroblasts cells showed that fibroblasts spread over the membrane surface after 24, 48 and 72 h of culture. This study supports the investigation of electrospun polyurethane membranes as biocompatible scaffolds for Tissue Engineering applications and provides some guidelines for improved biomaterials with desired properties. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)