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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Downward solar global irradiance at the surface in Sao Paulo city-The climatological effects of aerosol and clouds

Full text
Author(s):
Yamasoe, M. A. ; do Rosario, N. M. E. ; Barros, K. M.
Total Authors: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-ATMOSPHERES; v. 122, n. 1, p. 391-404, JAN 2017.
Web of Science Citations: 2
Abstract

We analyzed the variability of downward solar irradiance reaching the surface at Sao Paulo city, Brazil, and estimated the climatological aerosol and cloud radiative effects. Eleven years of irradiance were analyzed, from 2005 to 2015. To distinguish the aerosol from the cloud effect, the radiative transfer code LibRadtran was used to calculate downward solar irradiance. Two runs were performed, one considering only ozone and water vapor daily variability, with AOD set to zero and the second allowing the three variables to change, according to mean climatological values. The difference of the 24 h mean irradiance calculated with and without aerosol resulted in the shortwave aerosol direct radiative effect, while the difference between the measured and calculated, including the aerosol, represented the cloud effect. Results showed that, climatologically, clouds can be 4 times more effective than aerosols. The cloud shortwave radiative effect presented a maximum reduction of about - 170 W m(-2) in January and a minimum in July, of - 37 W m(-2). The aerosol direct radiative effect was maximum in spring, when the transport of smoke from the Amazon and central parts of South America is frequent toward Sao Paulo. Around mid-September, the 24 h radiative effect due to aerosol only was estimated to be - 50 W m(-2). Throughout the rest of the year, the mean aerosol effect was around -20 W m(-2) and was attributed to local urban sources. The effect of the cloud fraction on the cloud modification factor, defined as the ratio of all-sky irradiation to cloudless sky irradiation, showed dependence on the cloud height. Low clouds presented the highest impact while the presence of high clouds only almost did not affect solar transmittance, even in overcast conditions. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 01/08574-9 - Estimate of the effects of aerosol particles on the balance of atmospheric radiation in Amazonia
Grantee:Márcia Akemi Yamasoe
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 08/58104-8 - Narrowing the uncertainties on aerosol and climate changes in São Paulo State: NUANCES-SPS
Grantee:Maria de Fátima Andrade
Support Opportunities: Research Program on Global Climate Change - Thematic Grants