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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Inherited Xq13.2-q21.31 duplication in a boy with recurrent seizures and pubertal gynecomastia: Clinical, chromosomal and aCGH characterization

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Author(s):
Linhares, Natalia D. ; Valadares, Eugenia R. ; da Costa, Silvia S. ; Arantes, Rodrigo R. ; de Oliveira, Luiz Roberto ; Rosenberg, Carla ; Vianna-Morgante, Angela M. ; Svartman, Marta
Total Authors: 8
Document type: Journal article
Source: META GENE; v. 9, p. 185-190, SEP 2016.
Web of Science Citations: 4
Abstract

We report on a 16-year-old boy with a maternally inherited similar to 18.3 Mb Xq13.2-q21.31 duplication delimited by aCGH. As previously described in patients with similar duplications, his clinical features included intellectual disability, developmental delay, speech delay, generalized hypotonia, infantile feeding difficulties, self-injurious behavior, short stature and endocrine problems. As additional findings, he presented recurrent seizures and pubertal gynecomastia. His mother was phenotypically normal and had completely skewed inactivation of the duplicated X chromosome, as most female carriers of such duplications. Five previously reported patients with partial Xq duplications presented duplication breakpoints similar to those of our patient. One of them, a fetus with multiple congenital abnormalities, had the same cytogenetic duplication breakpoint. Three of the reported patients shared many features with our proband but the other had some clinical features of the Prader-Willi syndrome. It was suggested that ATRX overexpression could be involved in the major clinical features of patients with partial Xq duplications. We propose that this gene could also be involved with the obesity of the patient with the Prader-Willi-like phenotype. Additionally, we suggest that the PCDH11X gene could be a candidate for our patient's recurrent seizures. In males, the Xq13-q21 duplication should be considered in the differential diagnosis of Prader-Willi syndrome, as previously suggested, and neuromuscular diseases, particularly mitochondriopathies. (C) 2016 Published by Elsevier B.V. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 98/14254-2 - The Human Genome Research Center
Grantee:Mayana Zatz
Support type: Research Grants - Research, Innovation and Dissemination Centers - RIDC
FAPESP's process: 09/00898-1 - Submicroscopic genomic imbalances associated with specific congenital abnormalities and mental deficiency phenotypes
Grantee:Carla Rosenberg
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants