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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Novel androgen-induced activity of an antimicrobial beta-defensin: Regulation of Wolffian duct morphogenesis

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Ribeiro, Camilla M. ; Ferreira, Lucas G. A. ; Thimoteo, Daniel S. ; Smith, Lee B. ; Hinton, Barry T. ; Avellar, Maria Christina W.
Total Authors: 6
Document type: Journal article
Source: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology; v. 442, n. C, p. 142-152, FEB 15 2017.
Web of Science Citations: 2

The Wolffian duct (WD) undergoes morphological changes induced by androgens to form the epididymis, which is an organ essential for sperm maturation. Androgen action in WD epithelium involves paracrine factors of mesenchymal origin that function by still poorly understood mechanisms. Here we studied the antimicrobial beta-defensin SPAGIIC as a new player in duct morphogenesis, localized prenatally in the WD mesenchyme. Organotypic culture of rat WDs and tissues from Androgen Receptor (AR) knockout mice (ARKO) were used. Our results show that androgen/AR signaling differentially regulated SPAGIIC expression at mRNA and protein levels in the developing WD. WDs incubated with recombinant human SPAGI1C were shorter and less coiled as a result of reduced epithelial cell proliferation, but not increased apoptosis. Our results suggested beta-defensin SPAGIIC as an androgen-target required for WD morphogenesis. This highlights the multifunctional repertoire of the beta-defensin protein family and their potential contribution to the in utero environment that determines male reproductive success. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 09/14649-3 - Antimicrobial Spag11 isoforms and interacting partners in the developing rat: identification of gene regulation and potential physiological roles
Grantee:Camilla Moreira Ribeiro
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate