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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Spin drift and diffusion in one-and two-subband helical systems

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Author(s):
Ferreira, Gerson J. ; Hernandez, Felix G. G. ; Altmann, Patrick ; Salis, Gian
Total Authors: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: Physical Review B; v. 95, n. 12 MAR 14 2017.
Web of Science Citations: 7
Abstract

The theory of spin drift and diffusion in two-dimensional electron gases is developed in terms of a random walk model incorporating Rashba, linear and cubic Dresselhaus, and intersubband spin-orbit couplings. The additional subband degree of freedom introduces new characteristics to the persistent spin helix (PSH) dynamics. As has been described before, for negligible intersubband scattering rates, the sum of the magnetization of independent subbands leads to a checkerboard pattern of crossed PSHs with long spin lifetime. For strong intersubband scattering we model the fast subband dynamics as a new random variable, yielding a dynamics set by averaged spin-orbit couplings of both subbands. In this case the crossed PSH becomes isotropic, rendering circular (Bessel) patterns with short spin lifetime. Additionally, a finite drift velocity breaks the symmetry between parallel and transverse directions, distorting and dragging the patterns. We find that the maximum spin lifetime shifts away from the PSH regime with increasing drift velocity. We present approximate analytical solutions for these cases and define their domain of validity. Effects of magnetic fields and initial package broadening are also discussed. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/25981-7 - Generating and mapping spin currents with space and time resolution
Grantee:Felix Guillermo Gonzalez Hernandez
Support type: Regular Research Grants